Anatomy Quiz 3

studied byStudied by 6 people
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

O: mastoid process

I: sternum and clavicle

1 / 213

encourage image

There's no tags or description

Looks like no one added any tags here yet for you.

214 Terms

1

O: mastoid process

I: sternum and clavicle

SCM origin and insertion

New cards
2

Two heads

Interesting about SCM insertion

New cards
3
  1. anterior aspect of SCM

  2. median line of neck

  3. inferior border of mandible

Borders of the anterior/ visceral triangle

New cards
4
  1. posterior aspect of SCM

  2. anterior aspect of trapezius

  3. middle third of clavicle

Borders of posterior/ vertebral triangle

New cards
5
  1. hyoid

  2. cricoid

  3. trachea

Anterior Triangle cartilages include (3)

New cards
6
  1. suprahyoid

  2. infrahyoid

2 types of hyoid cartilage

New cards
7

at the level of C3

where is hyoid cartilage found

New cards
8

hyaline

what type of cartilage are thyroid and circoid cartilage

New cards
9

behind the larynx, at the level of C4/C5

where is the thyroid cartilage found

New cards
10

the trachea

what does cricoid cartilage lead into

New cards
11

level of C6

where is cricoid cartilage found

New cards
12

pulls down on hyoid

what is the role of the omohyoid

New cards
13

superior

which belly of the omohyoid is the insertion

New cards
14
  • depress the hyoid bone and pull it down

  • swallowing (helps with hyoid stability)

what are the roles of the infrahyoid group

New cards
15

cervical plexus (ventral rami)

what is the infrahyoid group innervated by

New cards
16

hyoid

omohyoid superior belly insertion

New cards
17

superior border of scapula

omohyoid inferior belly origin

New cards
18

O: posterior surface of manibrium (sternum)

I: hyoid

sternohyoid origin and insertion

New cards
19

it is distal

What is significant about the origin of the sternohyoid

New cards
20
  1. omohyoid superior belly and inferior belly

  2. sternohyoid

What 2 muscles are included in the superficial layer of the infrahyoid

New cards
21
  1. thyrohyoid

  2. sternothyroid

What 2 muscles are included in the deep layer of the infrahyoid

New cards
22

thyrohyoid

What muscle has a membrane behind it

New cards
23

O: posterior surface of manibrium (sternum)

I: thyroid

sternothyroid origin and insertion

New cards
24

directly, indirectly

Sternothyroid acts ___ on thyroid and ___ on hyoid

New cards
25

O: thyroid

I: hyoid

thyrohyoid origin and insertion

New cards
26
  • stylohyoid

  • mylohyoid

  • digastric (anterior and posterior belly)

what muscles are included in the suprahyoid group?

New cards
27

pulling up on the hyoid

What is the group action of the suprahyoids?

New cards
28

cranial nerves

suprahyoids are innervated by:

New cards
29

O: styloid process

I: hyoid bone

stylohyoid origin and insertion

New cards
30

cranial n. 7 (facial)

stylohyoid innervation

New cards
31

mandible

anterior belly of digastric insertion

New cards
32

cranial n. 5 (trigeminal)

anterior belly of digastric innervation

New cards
33

mastoid process

posterior belly of digatric origin

New cards
34

cranial n. 7 (facial)

posterior belly of digastric innervation

New cards
35

O: mylohyoid line of mandible

I: mylohyoid raphe (central tendon) and hyoid bone

mylohyoid origin and insertion

New cards
36

tethered; hyoid

the tendon that connects the digastric bellies is “____” to the ____

New cards
37

C7

the trachea begins at:

New cards
38

no

is the trachea composed of complete circles?

New cards
39

posteriorly

where does the thyroid cartilage open?

New cards
40

yes

is the cricoid cartilage composed of complete circles?

New cards
41

posterior

on which side is the cricoid cartilage larger?

New cards
42

vocal folds

The cricoid cartilage is the landmark for what?

New cards
43

swallowing and speech

cranial n. 10 (vagus) motor function

New cards
44

sore throat

cranial n. 10 (vagus) sensory function

New cards
45
  1. internal jugular v.

  2. cranial n. 10 (vagus)

  3. common carotid a.

carotid region contents (3) from lateral to medial

New cards
46

internal carotid a.

which artery goes up into the brain?

New cards
47

C4

The common carotid artery branches at the level of:

New cards
48
  1. maxillary

  2. superficial temporal

terminal branches of external carotid artery

New cards
49
  1. superior thyroid

  2. ascending pharyngeal

  3. lingual

  4. facial

  5. occipital

  6. posterior articular

  7. maxillary

  8. superficial temporal

8 branches of external carotid artery

New cards
50

maxillary artery

-biggest of 2 teminal branches

-supplies blood to the deep face, sinuses, teeth, oral cavity, nasal cavity

-nose bleed artery

New cards
51

superficial temporal artery

-smaller of 2 terminal branches

-anterior to the ear

-superior to the face

New cards
52

facial artery

-supplies blood to the superficial face, dermis, muscles of facial expression

-branches off mandible

New cards
53

lingual artery

-supplies the tongue

-large-ish

New cards
54

internal jugular vein

receives blood from the brain, cranial cavity, head, neck

New cards
55

brachiocephalic vein

internal jugular vein + subvlavian vein =

New cards
56

thyroid

what gland has to do with metabolism and calcium?

New cards
57
  1. cartilage (thyroid, cricoid, tracheal)

  2. nerves (cervical plexus, CN 10+12)

  3. vasculature (CCA, IJV)

  4. glands (thyroid, sublingual, submandibular)

Contents of the anterior triangle (4)

New cards
58
  1. muscles

  2. nerves: phrenic n, brachial plexus

  3. vessels: subclavian a, v

Contents of the posterior/ vertebral triangle (3)

New cards
59

cranial n 11 (spanial accessory)

sternocleidomastoid innervation

New cards
60
  1. lateral neck flexion (ear to shoulder)

  2. axial rotation (chin to ceiling)

sternocleidomastoid unilateral functions

New cards
61
  1. neck flexion

  2. chin elevation

sternocleidomastoid bilateral functions

New cards
62

chin goes up and to the left

What happens when you activate the right SCM?

New cards
63

chin goes up and to the right

What happens when you activate the left SCM?

New cards
64

cranial nerve 11 (spinal accessory)

What nerve innervates the SCM and the trapezius?

New cards
65

-assist with neck flexion and lateral neck flexion

-elevate thoracic cage by moving ribs 1 and 2

scalene mucles functions

New cards
66

cervical ventral rami

innervation of the scalenes

New cards
67

between the anterior and middle scalene

Where are the trunks of the brachial plexus found?

New cards
68

O: transverse process of C3-6

I: scale tubercle of rib 1

anterior scalene origin and insertion

New cards
69

O: transverse processes

I: rib 1

middle scalene origin and insertion

New cards
70

O: transverse processes of C4-C6

I: rib 2

posterior scalene origin and insertion

New cards
71

phrenic n

-runs on the anterior surface of the anterior scalene

-posterior triangle

-cervical ventral rami C3-5 (C3,4,5 keeps the man alive)

-innervates diaphragm

New cards
72

winged scapula

-damaged long thoracic n

-affects serratus anterior

-scapula not stabilized on thorax

New cards
73

long thoracic n

-long, runs down thorax

-very superficial

-prone to damage

New cards
74
  1. upper trapezius

  2. lower trapezius

  3. serratus anterior

scapular upward rotation muscles (3)

New cards
75

ABduction, rotation

protraction has elements of ___ and ___

New cards
76

primary scapular stabilizer and protector

serratus anterior function

New cards
77

serratus anterior

What muscle crosses between the back and side and has interdigitations (attaches on ribs)?

New cards
78

O: ribs 1-9

I: medial border of scapula (between scapula and thorax)

serratus anterior origin and insertion

New cards
79

deep scapular n

What nerve is deep to the rhomboid?

New cards
80

O: transverse processes of C1-4

I: superior angle of scapula

levator scapulae origin and insertion

New cards
81

dorsal scapular n (brachial plexus)

innervation of levator scapulae

New cards
82
  1. elevate scapula

  2. assist in downward rotation

  3. lateral flexion and extension of neck

functions of levator scapulae (3)

New cards
83

O: spinous process of T2-5

I: medial border of scapula (below spine)

rhomboid minor origin and insertion

New cards
84

dorsal scapular n

rhomboid minor innervation

New cards
85

O: ligamentum nuchae, spinous process of C7-T1

I: medial border of scapula (at and above scapular spine)

rhomboid major origin and insertion

New cards
86

dorsal scapular n.

rhomoid major innervation

New cards
87
  1. downward rotation of scapula

  2. scapular retraction

Rhomboid mass (minor + major) functions (2)

New cards
88

O: spinous process of T7-T12, spinous processes of L1-5 via thoracocolumbar fascia, lower ribs, iliac crest

I: floor of intertubercular groove of humerus

latissimus dorsi origin and insertion

New cards
89

thoracodorsal n (brachial plexus)

innervation of latissimus dorsi

New cards
90

the fibers twist into the insertion point

What is unique about the insertion of latissimus dorsi?

New cards
91
  1. shoulder extension/ hyperextension

  2. internal rotation

  3. adduction

latissimus dorsi functions (3)

New cards
92

lateral 1/3 of clavicle, acromion process, scapular spine

trapezius inertion (for all 3 parts)

New cards
93

activates before the arm moves

How does the trapezius stabilize the scapula on the thorax?

New cards
94

nuchal ligament, EOP, superior nuchal line, C7

upper/ descending trap origin

New cards
95

spinous processes of C7-T4

Middle/ transverse trap origin

New cards
96

T5-12

Lower/ascending trap origin

New cards
97
  1. scapular elevation/ retraction

  2. head/neck extension/ hyperextension

  3. lateral head/neck extension

functions of upper and middle trap (3)

New cards
98
  1. head/neck extension/hyperextension

  2. head/neck lateral flexion

  3. scapular retraction

  4. scapular depression

lower trap functions (4)

New cards
99

ventral; dorsal rami

sensory supply to the skin of the back is derived from ___ and ___ ___ of spinal nn.

New cards
100

ligamentum nuchae

-fills in cervical curvature

-serves as attachment for trapezius

-supports the head

-resists excessive flexion

-assists in returning head to anatomical position (elastic fibers)

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 16 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 60 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 25 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 105905 people
Updated ... ago
4.9 Stars(667)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard46 terms
studied byStudied by 61 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard35 terms
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard102 terms
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard30 terms
studied byStudied by 37 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard35 terms
studied byStudied by 41 people
Updated ... ago
4.8 Stars(5)
flashcards Flashcard74 terms
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard88 terms
studied byStudied by 417 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard62 terms
studied byStudied by 57 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)