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What is Physical Education?  

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103 Terms

1

What is Physical Education?  

aims to provide and develop the holistic aspects of an individual’s mental, physical, social and emotional

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Article XIV Section19 of the1987

physical education was when this subject became part of the school curriculum.

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37 C

average body temperature

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Physical Development  

A person who actively participates will gain and maintain a healthy and a great level of physical fitness.

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Social Development

is about improving the well-being of every individual in society so they can reach their full potential.

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Emotional Development

refers to the ability to recognize, express, and manage feelings at different stages of life and to have empathy for the feelings of others.

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Mental Development  

is also known as cognitive development.

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Rest Period

it is not a rest or free period.

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Wastage of Money  

Games and sports require special type of equipment, apparatus, playfield, etc. which are costly.

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Leads to Indiscipline 

A good sportsman always behaves in a disciplined manner and follows rules and regulations on the sports field and in real life.  

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No Job Career or Profession

Today special attention is given to sportspersons for selection in various competitive examinations.

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Poor Social Status

Participation in physical activities is generally considered to be for those who have ___________

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Participation in Games only   

Many people think that it is participation in games and sports.

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Wastage of Time 

Many parents, students and teachers think that participation in physical activities is just a ___________

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  1. Rest Period

  2. Wastage of Money 

  3. Leads to Indiscipline

  4. No Job Career or Profession 

  5. Poor Social Status 

  6. Participation in Games only 

  7. Wastage of Time

Different Misconceptions about Physical Education  

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Physical Fitness

is the ability to perform one’s daily tasks efficiently without undue fatigue

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Health-Related Physical-Fitness

This pertains to the total functioning of the body.

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Skill-Related Physical-Fitness

it refers to the quality of motion or skills of an individual

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  1. Cardio-respiratory Endurance

  2. Muscular Strength

  3. Muscular Endurance

  4. Flexibility

  5. Body Composition

Health-Related Physical-Fitness

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Cardio-respiratory Endurance

is the ability of the heart and lungs to work efficiently

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Muscular Strength

is the amount of force that a muscle can generate to work continuously

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Muscular Endurance

is the ability of muscle to perform in a long period of time

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Flexibility

is a muscle accommodation to a full range of motion

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Body Composition

is a component to asses the amount of body fats

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  1. Agility

  2. Balance

  3. Coordination

  4. Power

  5. Speed

  6. Reaction Time

Skill-Related Physical-Fitness

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Agility

the ability to move the body easily and quickly

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Balance

the ability to maintain stability of body while moving

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Coordination

the ability to produce smoothly motion or position to another

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Power

the ability to perform heavy movement quickly

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Speed

the ability of the body to perform tasks in a short period of time

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Reaction Time

time it takes to get going

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What is Anatomy? 

Studies of the body parts and their relationships.

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  1. Macroscopic (Gross) Anatomy

  2. Microscopic Anatomy

Subdivisions of Anatomy 

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Macroscopic (Gross) Anatomy

Study of large body structure.

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Microscopic Anatomy

Very small structures

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What is Physiology? 

Is the study of how the body works.

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  1. Responsiveness

  2. Movement

  3. Reproduction

  4. Respiration

  5. Growth

  6. Digestion

  7. Absorption

  8. Assimilation

  9. Circulation

  10. Excretion

10 Characteristics of Life 

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Responsiveness

  1. ability of sense change and react 

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Movement

change in position of an organism 

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Reproduction

process of making a new organism 

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Respiration

the process of getting oxygen 

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Growth

an increase in body size 

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Digestion

complex material changes into simpler material

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Absorption

the passage of a substance through a membrane 

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Assimilation

putting molecules together to make more complex substance 

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Circulation

movement of material 

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Excretion

getting rid of material 

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48
  1. Water

  2. Food

  3. Oxygen

  4. Heat

  5. Pressure

5 Needs of Organism 

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Water

most abundant substance in the body 

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Food

provides energy for body 

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Oxygen

makes up to 20% of atmospheric air we breathe 78% is nitrogen 2% other gases. 

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Heat

we get heat from muscle activity normal temp = 98.6 degree F or 37 degree C 

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Pressure

there are two types

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Hydrostatic pressure

two types of pressure:

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Hydrostatic pressure

you would be the blood moving under the pressure of the heart.

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Atmospheric pressure

comes from the air around us and allows us to breath. 

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120/80 is normal

normal blood pressure level

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What is Homeostasis?  

is the ability or tendency to maintain internal stability in an organism to compensate for environmental changes.

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  1. Atoms

  2. Molecules

  3. Organelles

  4. Cell

  5. Tissue

  6. Organ

  7. System

  8. Organism

Structural Organization of Body 

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Atoms

Simplest unit of an Element 

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Molecules

  1. Combined atoms 

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Organelles

Combined molecules (basic units in cells) 

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Cell

basic unit of living organism 

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Tissue

group of cells 

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Organ

group of tissue 

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System

organs working together 

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Organism

all levels working together

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  1. Integumentary System 

  2. Musculo Skeletal System 

  3. Muscular System 

  4. Nervous System 

  5. Endocrine System 

  6. Cardiovascular System 

  7. Lymphatic/Immune System 

  8. Respiratory System 

  9. Digestive System 

  10. Urinary System 

  11. Reproductive System 

The Body Systems 

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Integumentary System 

External cover of the body (skin)

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Musculo Skeletal System 

The Bones that protects and supports body organs

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Muscular System 

Muscles that produce body movement. 

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Nervous System 

consist of brain, sensory receptor, nerves, spinal cord that control homeostasis by stimulating muscles contraction and glands secretion. 

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Endocrine System 

Hormones secretion to regulate body processes. 

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Cardiovascular System 

Transport blood to the body 

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Lymphatic/Immune System 

Protect the body by attacking foreign substances entering body system 

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Respiratory System 

Supply blood with oxygen and removing carbon dioxide. 

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Digestive System 

break down the food for absorption, indigestible food will be removed as feces. 

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Urinary System 

Regulation of water, electrolytes and acid-base balance in the body

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Reproductive System

production of babies 

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Protein 

18% body weight

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Mineral

7% body weight

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Fat

15% body weight

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Water

60% body weight

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84
  1. Superior

  1. Inferior – (caudal) a part is below another part. 

  1. Anterior – (ventral) toward the front. 

  1. Posterior – (dorsal) is the opposite of anterior. 

  1. Medial – means closer to the midline. 

  1. Lateral – toward the side with respect to the imaginary midline. 

  1. Proximal – closer to the trunk of the body or closer to another specified point of reference. 

  1. Distal – is the opposite of proximal, meaning farther from the trunk or from a point of reference. 

  1. Superficial – means situated near the surface. 

  1. Peripheral – means outward or also near the surface. 

  1. External – outside the body. 

  1. Internal – inside the body. 

  1. Parietal – pertaining to the walls of a cavity. 

  1. Visceral – pertaining to the organs within a cavity. 

Body Composition 

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Superior

  1. (cranial) a part is above another part. 

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Inferior

(caudal) a part is below another part. 

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Anterior

(ventral) toward the front.

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Posterior

(dorsal) is the opposite of anterior. 

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Medial

means closer to the midline. 

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90

Lateral

toward the side with respect to the imaginary midline. 

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Proximal

closer to the trunk of the body or closer to another specified point of reference. 

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Distal

is the opposite of proximal, meaning farther from the trunk or from a point of reference. 

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Superficial

means situated near the surface. 

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Peripheral

means outward or also near the surface. 

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External

outside the body.

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Internal

inside the body.

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Parietal

pertaining to the walls of a cavity.

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Visceral

pertaining to the organs within a cavity.

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R.E.M

  • recognize

  • express

  • manage

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100

Direct Variation

The amount of money they earn varies directly to their quality of life.

The more money they make the better life they have.

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