ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

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125 Terms

1

Maneggiare

“To handle”

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2

Manus

“Hand”

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3

Agere

“To act”

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4

Mary Parker Follet

Who defined management as the art of getting things done through people?

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5

Henri Fayol

Who defined management as to forecast, to plan, to organize, to command, and to control?

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6

Ghillyer

Who defined management as the process of deciding the best way to use an organization’s resources to provide goods and services?

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7

Management’s resources

  • Employees

  • Equipment

  • Money

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8

Carlos Lorenzana

Who defined management as it Refers to the group of people responsible and accountable for directing the workplace and seeing to it that the organization’s goals and objectives are met?

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9

Kreitner

Who defined management as the process of working with and through others?

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10

Working with and through others

Which component of Kreitner’s definition states that management is a social process.

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11

Changing environment

Which component of Kreitner’s definition states that successful managers are the ones who anticipate and adjust to the changing environment

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12

Achieving organizational objectives

Which component of Kreitner’s definition states that organizations are more successful when their activities are guided by challenging yet achievable objectives

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13

Objective

A target to be striven for to attain one’s goal

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14

Efficiency

Vital part of management

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15

Efficiency

relationship between input and output

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16

Efficiency

Doing things right

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17

Efficiency

Getting things done

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18

Effectiveness

Doing the right things

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19

Effectiveness

Attainment of organizational goals

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20

Applied economics

Management can also be called ________________

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21

Art

Management as _________________

Application of knowledge

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22

Science

Management as _________________

Body of knowledge

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23

Manager

An individual who is in charge of certain groups of tasks a certain subset of a company

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24

Planning

Basic function of management

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25

Organizing

The process of bringing together physical, financial, and human resources

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26

Staffing

Put the right people on the right job

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27

Leading

Managers must supervise, lead, motivate, coach, train, guide, and direct

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28

Controlling

Measurement of correction of performance of subordinates.

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29

Figurehead Role

Interpersonal Role wherein managers represent their specific unit

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30

Leadership Role

Interpersonal Role wherein managers initiate and coordinate their units.

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31

Liaison Role

Interpersonal Role wherein managers interact with other persons in other units

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32

Monitor Role

Informational Role wherein managers monitors activities occuring outside is office

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33

Disseminator Role

Interpersonal Role wherein managers transmit and disseminate information.

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34

Spokesperson Role

Interpersonal Role wherein managers represent and speak for their units.

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35

Entrepreneurial Roles

Decisional Role wherein managers identify and develop new opportunities.

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36

Problem Solver

Decisional Role wherein managers identify solutions and take action.

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37

Resource Allocator

Decisional Role wherein managers distribute funds and resources.

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38

Negotiator

Decisional Role wherein managers frequently involved in negotiation activities.

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39

Conceptual

A management skill wherein a manager must have the ability to see the “big picture”

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40

Technical

A management skill wherein a manager must possess knowledge and ability to use techniques.

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41

Human

A management skill which pertains to interpersonal relationships.

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42

Scientific Management

Defined as the use of scientific methods.

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43

Frederick Taylor

Father of Scientific Management

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44

Administrative Management Theory

Focuses on people and information

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45

Henri Fayol

Father of Modern Management

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46

Division of Work

Principle of Management wherein there is specialization of labor.

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47

Authority

Principle of Management wherein there is a right to give orders.

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48

Discipline

Principle of Management wherein there should be obedience and respect.

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49

Unity of Command

Principle of Management wherein employees follow only one superior.

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50

Unity of Direction

Principle of Management wherein the efforts of everyone should focus on one direction.

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51

Subordination of individual interest to the general interest

Principle of Management wherein it is the resolving the tug of war between personal and organizational interests.

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52

Renumeration

Principle of Management wherein everyone must be paid fairly.

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53

Centralization

Principle of Management wherein authority is concentrated.

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54

Scalar Chain

Principle of Management wherein subordinates must observe the formal chain of command.

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55

Order

Principle of Management wherein material things and people must be in their proper places.

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56

Equity

Principle of Management wherein fairness that results from a combination of kindliness and justice.

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57

Stability and Tenure Personnel

Principle of Management wherein people need time for their job.

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58

Initiative

Principle of Management wherein managers must sacrifice personal vanity.

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59

Esprit de Corps

Principle of Management wherein in unity, there is strength.

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60

Max Weber

Father of Bureaucracy

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61

Bureaucracy

Emphasized on the division of labor, clearly defined law, etc.

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62

Behavioral Management Theory

Focuses on the Human Aspect of Work

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63

Threat of Unionization

Satisfied employees would be less inclined to join unions.

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64

The Hawthorne Studies

Study of the relationship between light intensity and productivity.

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65

Elton Mayo

He urged managers to provide work that fostered personal and subjective satisfaction.

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66

Mary Parker Follet

She urged managers to motivate employees than simply demanding performance.

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67

Douglas McGregor

He viewed the typical employee as an active and energetic individual.

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68

Management Science Theory

Quantitative approach to management

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69

Organizational Management Theory

Organization is part of a larger environment.

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70

Closed System

Organization has no interaction with its environment

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71

Open System

Organization has interaction with its environment.

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72

Business Environment

Set of external factors

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73

Changes

Constantly changing, unpredictable, and dynamic

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74

Sociocultural Environment

Environment which is shaped by culture, behaviors, beliefs, etc.

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75

Political Environment

Environment which includes political form, government policies, and attitude towards the business community.

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76

Technological Environment

Environment where we can only adapt to it.

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77

Technology

Includes the methods adapted for product goods, services, and distribution.

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78

Legal Environment

Environment which are sets of laws, regulations, and legalities.

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79

Competition

Environment which seeks out to know the competitors’ activities.

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80

Economic Environment

Refers to economic growth

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81

Albert Humprey

The SWOT analysis was first tested by _____________

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82

SWOT Analysis

Works efficiently during the planning stage wherein it contains two internal factors and two external factors.

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83

Strength

Advantages or the internal attributes that support a positive result.

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84

Weaknesses

Internal characteristics that work against a successful outcome.

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85

Opportunities

External factors that can be used to take advantage

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86

Threats

External factors which may cause a problem.

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87

Francis Aguilar

PEST Analysis was created by ____________________

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88

Political

The laws, global issues, legislations, and regulations that may affect a business.

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89

Economic

Taxes, inflation rates, and stock markets have to be taken into account

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90

Social

Changes in lifestyle and buying trends.

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91

Technological

Innovations, access to technology, licensing, etc.

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92

PEST Analysis

Guides the direction of change within the organization.

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93

Sole Proprietorship

Only one owner

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94

Partnership

Owned by two or more persons

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95

Unlimited Liability

Liability is stretched to the owner

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96

General Partnership

Two or more persons has unlimited liability

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97

Limited Partnership

Liability of some is limited

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98

Corporation

Separate legal personality from owners

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99

Cooperative

Owned by a group of individual for their mutual benefits.

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100

Members

Persons making up the cooperative are called ____________

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