nurs 106: unit 1-3 pq

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1. What is anatomy?

a. The study of the human body

b.The study of internal and external structures within the human body

c.The study of the nervous system

d.The study of the bone structure of the human body

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1

1. What is anatomy?

a. The study of the human body

b.The study of internal and external structures within the human body

c.The study of the nervous system

d.The study of the bone structure of the human body

b.The study of internal and external structures within the human body*

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2. Which one of the following is NOT a reason why anatomy is important for nursing?

a.Landmarking and physical assessment

b.Communication and documentation

c. Foundation for understanding physiology, pathology, and nursing interventions

d. Managing financial aspects of healthcare

d. Managing financial aspects of healthcare*

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3. What are the levels of structure organization in the body in order from smallest to largest?

a.Tissue, organ, organism, cellular, organ system, chemical

b.Organ, cellular, tissue, chemical, organism, organ system

c.Chemical, cellular, tissue, organ, organ system, organism

d.Organ system, organism, organ, tissue, cellular, chemical

c. Chemical, cellular, tissue, organ, organ system, organism*

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4. What is the tissue level of structural organization?

a.A single cell responsible for a specific function

b.A group of organs working together to perform a specific function

c.A group of cells that work together to perform a specific function

d.A collection of different species within an ecosystem

c. A group of cells that work together to perform a specific function*

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5. What is the organ level of structural organization?

a.A single cell responsible for a specific function

b.A group of 2 or more tissues that work together to perform a specific function

c.A collection of different species within an ecosystem

d.A group of organs working together to perform a specific function

b.A group of 2 or more tissues that work together to perform a specific function*

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6. Which of the following is NOT a major organ of the integumentary system?

a.Skin

b.Hair

c.Sweat glands

d.Nails

e.Thick skin

e. thick skin

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7. Which of the following is NOT a function of the integumentary system?

a.Protects against environmental hazards

b.Helps regulate body temperature

c.Provides sensory information

d.Repels UV radiation

d.Repels UV radiation

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8. Which of the following is NOT considered a major organ of the skeletal system?

a.Bones

b.Tendons

c.Associated ligaments

d.Bone marrow

e. Cartilages

b.Tendons*

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9. What is the primary function of the skeletal system among the following?

a.Provides support and protection for other tissues

b.Stores glucose for energy

c.Synthesizes digestive enzymes

d.Stores WBCs and lymph fluid

e.Regulates body temperature

a.Provides support and protection for other tissues*

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10. What does the skeletal system primarily contribute to the formation of?

a.Sesamoid bones

b.Tendon fibers

c. Canaliculi

d.Blood cells

d.Blood cells*

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11. What are the major organs of the muscular system?

a. Diaphragm and intercostal muscles

b. Tongue and pharyngeal muscles

c. Skeletal muscles and associated tendons

d. Bladder and urethra

e. Smooth muscles and cardiac muscles

c.Skeletal muscles and associated tendons*

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12. What are the functions of the muscular system? Select all that apply.

a.Synthesizes vitamins and minerals

b.Filters waste products from the blood

c.Regulates the pH of the digestive system

d.Supports the skeletal system

e.Provides movement

f.Aids in oxygen transport

g.Provides protection and support for other tissues

h.Generates heat and maintains body temperature

d.Supports the skeletal system

e.Provides movement *

g.Provides protection and support for other tissues *

h.Generates heat and maintains body temperature *

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13. What are the major organs of the nervous system?

a.Brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, and sense organs

b.Skeletal muscles, spinal cord, sense organs

c.Heart, spleen, lymphatic system

d.Liver, spinal cord, merkel cells

a.Brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, and sense organs*

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14. What are the functions of the nervous system? Select all that apply.

a.Regulates blood sugar levels

b.Directs immediate responses to stimuli

c.Produces and transports hormones

d.Coordinates or moderates activities of other organ systems

e.Filters waste products from the blood

f.Provides and interprets sensory information about external conditions

b.Directs immediate responses to stimuli *

d.Coordinates or moderates activities of other organ systems *

f.Provides and interprets sensory information about external conditions *

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15. What are the major organs of the endocrine system? Select all that apply.*

a) Parathyroid gland

b) Kidneys

c) Lungs

d) Pituitary gland

e) Thyroid gland

f) Pancreas

g) Adrenal glands

h) Gonads

i) Endocrine tissues in other systems

d) Pituitary gland *

e) Thyroid gland *

f) Pancreas *

g) Adrenal glands *

h) Gonads *

i) Endocrine tissues in other systems *

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16. Which of the following are functions of the endocrine system? Select all that apply.

a) Regulates blood pressure

b) Directs long-term changes in the activities of other organ systems

c) Detects hormones in food and coordinates nutrients

d) Adjusts metabolic activity and energy use by the body

e) Coordinates muscle contractions

f) Controls changes during development

b) Directs long-term changes in the activities of other organ systems *

d) Adjusts metabolic activity and energy use by the body *

f) Controls changes during development *

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17. Which of the following is NOT a major organ of the cardiovascular system?

a) Heart

b) Blood

c) Aorta

d) Blood vessels

c) Aorta

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18. Which of the following materials does the cardiovascular system distribute to the body? Select all that apply.

a) Heat and ions

b) Sound waves and light

c) Blood cells

d) Water

f) Vitamins and minerals

g) Hormones and antibodies

h) Nutrients

i) Waste products

j) Oxygen

k) Carbon dioxide

a) Heat and ions*

c) Blood cells *

d) Water *

f) Vitamins and minerals*

g) Hormones and antibodies*

h) Nutrients *

i) Waste products *

j) Oxygen *

k) Carbon dioxide *

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19. What does the cardiovascular system primarily help regulate? Select all that apply.

a) Blood pressure

b) Blood sugar levels

c) Brain function

d) Body temperature

a) Blood pressure*

d) Body temperature *

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20. Which of the following is NOT a major organ of the lymphatic system?

a) Thyroid

b) Spleen

c) Thymus

d) Lymphatic vessels

e) Lymph nodes

f) Tonsils

a) Thyroid

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21. What is one of the primary functions of the lymphatic system among the following?

a) Regulating blood sugar levels

b) Digesting food and absorbing nutrients

c) Defending against infection and disease

d) Transporting hormones

e) Pumping ions throughout the body

c) Defending against infection and disease*

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22. Which organ of the lymphatic system plays a key role in defending against infection and disease by filtering lymph fluid?

a) Thymus

b) Spleen

c) Lymphatic vessels

d) Tonsils

e) Lymph nodes

e) Lymph nodes*

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23. What is the main purpose of lymphatic vessels within the lymphatic system?

a) Transporting oxygen throughout the body

b) Carrying macrophages to cells

c) Returning tissue fluids to the bloodstream

d) Pumping lymph to the mast cells

c) Returning tissue fluids to the bloodstream*

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24.Which of the following is a major organ in more than one system?

a. Pancreas

b. Liver

c. Gallbladder

d. Smooth muscle

a. Pancreas

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25. Which of the following is NOT a major organ of the respiratory system?

a) Respiratory tract

b) Nasal cavities

c) Larynx

d) Trachea

e) Alveoli

f) Sinuses

g) Bronchi

a) Respiratory tract

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26. What is the primary function of the alveoli in the respiratory system?

a) Delivering air to the bronchi

b) Producing oxygen for the bloodstream

c) Removing carbon dioxide from the bloodstream

d) Serving as sites for gas exchange in the lungs

d) Serving as sites for gas exchange in the lungs

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27. Which part of the respiratory system directly provides oxygen to the bloodstream?

a) Trachea

b) Lungs

c) Sinuses

d) Alveoli

d) Alveoli*

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28. What respiratory organs are responsible for producing sounds used in communication?

a) Nasal cavities

b) Sinuses

c) Larynx

d) Bronchi

c) Larynx *

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29. Which organs are part of the digestive system? Select all that apply.

a) Thyroid

b) Teeth

c) Tongue

d) Pharynx

e) Esophagus

f) Stomach

g) Small intestine

h) Large intestine

i) Kidneys

j) Liver

k) Gallbladder

l) Pancreas

b) Teeth *

c) Tongue *

d) Pharynx *

e) Esophagus *

f) Stomach *

g) Small intestine *

h) Large intestine *

j) Liver *

k) Gallbladder *

l) Pancreas *

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30. What are the primary functions of the digestive system? Select all that apply.

a) Regulates body temperature

b) Processes and digests food

c) Synthesizes vitamins and minerals

d) Pumps nutrients throughout the body

e) Stores oxygen in GI tract

f) Absorbs and conserves water

g) Transmits electrical signals in the nervous system

h) Filters waste products from the blood

i) Stores energy reserves

b) Processes and digests food *

f) Absorbs and conserves water *

i) Stores energy reserves *

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31. What are the major parts of the urinary system?

a) Kidney, gallbladder, pancreas, pelvis

b) Diaphragm, ribs, ureter, bladder

c) Kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra

d) Kidneys, urethra, umbilical bladder, ureters

c) Kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra *

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32. What are the functions of the urinary system? Select all that apply.

a) Generates involuntary electrical signals for pelvic contraction

b) Excretes waste products from the blood

c) Controls water balance by regulating the volume of urine produced

d) Stores urine prior to voluntary elimination

e) Transports ammonia from body tissues

f) Regulates blood ion concentrations

g) Synthesizes and secretes urinary enzymes

h) Regulates blood pH

b) Excretes waste products from the blood *

c) Controls water balance by regulating the volume of urine produced *

d) Stores urine prior to voluntary elimination *

f) Regulates blood ion concentrations *

h) Regulates blood pH *

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33. Which of the following lists the major organs of the male reproductive system correctly?

a) Testes, seminal vesicles, bulbourethral glands, corpus spongiosum, prostate gland, vas deferens

b) Seminiferous tubules, vas deferens, Cowper's glands, epididymis, prostate gland

c) Testes, epididymides, ductus deferentia, seminal vesicles, fallopian tubes, uterus, vagina

d) Testes, epididymides, ductus deferentia, seminal vesicles, prostate gland, penis, scrotum

d) Testes, epididymides, ductus deferentia, seminal vesicles, prostate gland, penis, scrotum *

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34. What are the functions of the male reproductive system? Select all that apply.

a) Regulates gamete absorption

b) Produces male sex cells (sperm)

c) Filters seminal fluid from the blood

d) Produces seminal fluids

e) Synthesizes and secretes reproductive enzymes

f) Produces hormones

g) Aids in hormone transport

h) Regulates pelvic temperature

i) Facilitates sexual intercourse

b) Produces male sex cells (sperm) *

d) Produces seminal fluids *

f) Produces hormones *

i) Facilitates sexual intercourse *

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35. What type of glands secrete milk in females?

a) Testicles

b) Uterine tubules

c) Thoracic glands

d) Mammary glands

d) mammary glands *

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36. What are the functions of the female reproductive system? Select all that apply.

a) Regulates menstruation pressure

b) Produces female sex cells and hormones

c) Filters waste products from the blood

d) Supports the developing embryo

e) Synthesizes and secretes ova enzymes for sperm implantation

f) Provides milk to nourish the newborn infant

g) Transports estrogen to bones for bone marrow development

h) Regulates mammary gland temperature

i) Facilitates sexual intercourse

b) Produces female sex cells (oocytes) and hormones *

d) Supports the developing embryo *

f) Provides milk to nourish the newborn infant *

i) Facilitates sexual intercourse *

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37. Which of the following organ systems are considered major and essential for a comprehensive understanding of human biology and anatomy? Select all that apply.

a) Circulatory

b) Lymphatic

c) Muscular

d) Endocrine

e) Skeletal

f) Digestive

g) Respiratory

h) Reproductive

i) Nervous

j) Epidermal

k) Connective

b) Lymphatic

c) Muscular*

d) Endocrine*

e) Skeletal*

f) Digestive*

g) Respiratory*

h) Reproductive*

i) Nervous*

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38. Which of the following organ systems are considered major systems that you should know?

a) Circulatory, respiratory, reproductive, lymphatic, heart, blood vessels, aorta, integumentary

b) Muscular, urinary, digestive, nervous, endocrine, integumentary, pancreas, thyroid, stomach, ovaries, uterus, spinal cord, urinary, skeletal

c) Skeletal, cardiovascular, male reproductive, female reproductive, digestive, respiratory, lymphatic, nervous, endocrine, muscular, integumentary, urinary

d) Skeletal, respiratory, cardiovascular, lymphatic, male reproductive, female reproductive, kidney tubules, liver, small intestine, gall bladder

c) Skeletal, cardiovascular, male reproductive, female reproductive, digestive, respiratory, lymphatic, nervous, endocrine, muscular, integumentary, urinary*

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39. What is the term used to describe specific points or structures on the body that serve as reference points for anatomical descriptions and measurements?

a) Anatomical positions

b) Anatomical landmarks

c) Anatomical regions

d) Anatomical directions

b) Anatomical landmarks *

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40. In which of the following does the human body assume a standardized position, standing upright with feet parallel and arms at the sides, palms facing forward?

a) Anatomical landmarks

b) Anatomical regions

c) Anatomical directions

d) Anatomical position

d) Anatomical position *

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41. Which aspect of anatomical language involves terms like "superior," "inferior," "anterior," and "posterior" to describe the location or direction of structures within the body?

a) Anatomical landmarks

b) Anatomical regions

c) Anatomical directions

d) Sectional anatomy

c) Anatomical directions *

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42. What term in anatomy refers to specific areas or divisions of the body, such as the abdominal region or the thoracic region?

a) Anatomical landmarks

b) Anatomical regions

c) Anatomical directions

d) Body cavities

b) Anatomical regions *

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43. The study of anatomy that involves examining cross-sectional slices of the body to understand the three-dimensional structure is known as:

a) Anatomical landmarks

b) Anatomical position

c) Sectional anatomy

d) Anatomical directions

c) Sectional anatomy *

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44. What aspect of anatomical language pertains to the spaces within the body that house and protect internal organs?

a) Anatomical landmarks

b) Anatomical directions

c) Body regions

d) Body cavities

d) Body cavities *

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45. What is the correct definition of the term "supine" in anatomical terminology?

a) Standing upright with feet parallel

b) Lying face down

c) Lying face up

d) Kneeling with hands on the ground

c) Lying face up *

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46. Which of the following best describes the term "prone" in anatomical terminology?

a) Lying face up

b) Kneeling with hands on the ground

c) Standing upright with feet parallel

d) Lying face down

d) Lying face down

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47. What anatomical landmark is located on the face and includes the nose and mouth?

Correct Answer: Facial

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48. Which landmark refers to the region on the chest, just below the neck?

Correct Answer: Thoracic

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49. What do we call the anatomical landmark for the "ear"?

Correct Answer: Otic

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50. What term is used to describe the region of the wrist?

Correct Answer: Carpal

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51. Which anatomical landmark is often called the "forehead"?

Correct Answer: Frontal

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52. In everyday language, what is the name for the anatomical landmark involving the "hand"?

Correct Answer: Manual

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53. What is the term for the region that includes the "abdomen"?

Correct Answer: Abdominal

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54. What do we commonly refer to as the "eye" in anatomical terms?

Correct Answer: Ocular/Orbital

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55. In simpler terms, what do we call the anatomical landmark that corresponds to the "chin"?

Correct Answer: Mental

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56. Identify the anatomical landmark that is associated with the "kneecap."

Correct Answer: Patellar

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57. What term is used for the ankle?

Correct Answer: Tarsal

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58. What is the simpler term for the "thumb"?

Correct Answer: Pollex

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59. Which anatomical landmark pertains to the "cheek"?

Correct Answer: Buccal

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60. In everyday language, what do we call the region involving the "foot"?

Correct Answer: Pedal

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61. What is the anatomical landmark associated with the "pubis"?

Correct Answer: Pubic

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62. What do we commonly call the "fingers" and in anatomical language?

Correct Answer: Digits

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63. Which anatomical landmark corresponds to the "great toe"?

Correct Answer: Hallux

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64. In simple terms, what is the name for the cephalic landmark?

Correct Answer: Head

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65. What is the term for the region that includes the "thigh"?

Correct Answer: Femoral

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66. What is the name for the region around the "navel"?

Correct Answer: Umbilical

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67. What's another word for "collarbone"?

Correct Answer: Clavicle

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68. Which anatomical landmark can be found "on the arm, below the front of the wrist"?

Correct Answer: Palmar

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69. What is the anatomical landmark for the "breast" region?

Correct Answer: Mammary

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70. What term is used for the "skull" in anatomical terms?

Correct Answer: Cranial

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71. What is the name for the front of the elbow?

Correct Answer: Antecubital

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72. What anatomical landmark is associated with the "nose"?

Correct Answer: Nasal

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73. What is the term for the region that encompasses the "chest"?

Correct Answer: Thoracic

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74. What do we commonly refer to as the "mouth" in anatomical language?

Correct Answer: Oral

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75. In simple terms, what is the anatomical landmark for the "thigh"?

Correct Answer: Femoral

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76. Which landmark refers to the "pelvis"?

Correct Answer: Pelvic

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77. What is the term for the region that includes the "armpit"?

Correct Answer: Axillary

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78. In everyday language, what do we call the region involving the "groin"?

Correct Answer: Inguinal

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79. What anatomical landmark corresponds to the "neck"?

Correct Answer: Cervical

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80. Which landmark is associated with the "wrist"?

Correct Answer: Carpal

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81. Which anatomical landmark corresponds to the "crural"?

Correct Answer: leg

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82. What do we call the anatomical landmark for the forearm?

Correct Answer: Antebrachial

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83. Which anatomical landmark is associated with the "shoulder"?

Correct Answer: Acromial

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84. What is the term for the anatomical landmark that corresponds to the "back"?

Correct Answer: Dorsal

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85. In anatomical language, what do we call the region "back of the elbow"?

Correct Answer: Olecranal

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86. Which anatomical landmark pertains to the "lower back" area?

Correct Answer: Lumbar

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87. What is the term for the anatomical landmark that involves the "buttock"?

Correct Answer: Gluteal

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88. In anatomical terms, which region refers to the "back of the knee"?

Correct Answer: Popliteal

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89. Identify the anatomical landmark that corresponds to the "calf."

Correct Answer: Sural

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90. What is the term used for the region that includes the "heel of the foot"?

Correct Answer: Calcaneal

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91. Which anatomical landmark relates to the "sole of the foot"?

Correct Answer: Plantar

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92. In anatomical language, what encompasses the region "from below cervical to the bottom of your upper digits (fingers)"?

Correct Answer: Upper Limb

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93. What term is used for the region "from loin to your plantar"?

Correct Answer: Lower Limb

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94. What is the anatomical term that refers to the front of the body?

a) Posterior

b) Dorsal

c) Ventral

d) Lateral

c) Anterior/Ventral *

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95. What is the anatomical term that describes the back of the body?

a) Dorsal

b) Superior

c) Ventral

d) Medial

a) Posterior/Dorsal *

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96. In anatomical terms, which term is synonymous with "higher," and which term is synonymous with "lower"?

a) Superior; Anterior

b) Inferior; Dorsal

c) Superior; Inferior

d) Ventral; Posterior

c) Superior; Inferior *

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97. Which anatomical terms are more precise alternatives for describing "higher" (toward the head) and "lower" (toward the tail) regions of the body?

a) Dorsal and Ventral

b) Cephalic and Caudal

c) Ventral and Posterior

d) Medial and Lateral

b) Cephalic and Caudal *

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98. In anatomical terms, which term refers to the "middle" of a structure or body part, while the other term indicates the "edge" or side?

a) Medial; Lateral

b) Cranial; Caudal

c) Superior; Inferior

d) Dorsal; Ventral

a) Medial; Lateral *

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99. In anatomical terms, which term refers to a location "towards the point of attachment of a limb to the trunk," while the other term indicates a position "away from the point of attachment of a limb to the trunk"?

a) Medial; Lateral

b) Proximal; Distal

c) Superior; Inferior

d) Cranial; Caudal

b) Proximal; Distal *

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100. In anatomical terminology, when using the terms "left" and "right," which perspective are we referencing?

a) Observer's perspective

b) Subject's perspective

c) A diety's perspective

d) Surgeon's perspective

b) Subject's perspective *

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