A war in North America between France and Britain; 1755-1760
Treat of Paris
The ______ ended the French and Indian War in 1763 and gave all of French Canada and Spanish Florida to Britain.
An alliance of Indian tribes established to resist colonial settlement in the Ohio Valley and Great Lakes region and to oppose British trading policies.
Proclamation Line of 1763
Boundary that Britain established in the Appalachian Mountains, west of which white settlement was banned. It was intended to reduce conflict between Indians and colonists.
Economic notion that a nation should amass wealth by exporting more than it imports; colonies were seen as a source of raw materials and a market for manufactured goods.
British Prime Minister who sought to tighten controls over the colonies and to impose taxes to raise revenue.
Currency Act, American Revenue Act, Sugar Act, and Vice Admiralty Court
George Greenville began to think that the colonies were under-regulated and undergoverned and so passed these four acts in 1764.
(1765) directly taxed a variety of items including newspapers, playing cards, and legal documents.
Sons of Liberty
A secret organization first formed in Boston to oppose the Stamp Act. Led by Samuel Adams.
Revenue raising measure imposing taxes on colonial imports from within the British Empire.
Paper, glass, paint, and tea.
The Townshend Acts taxed which colonial commodity?
Major confrontation when an angry crowd of colonists began throwing snowballs laced with bricks and rocks at British sentries. Under no orders, the British began to fire and killed 5 men and injured 8 others.
Which happened first, the American Revolution or the War for Independence?
The American Revolution took place from ____ to ____.
The War for Independence took place from _____ to _____.
The Boston Tea Party was in response in to what act imposed by the British?
The four acts parliament passed in 1774 to punish MA for the Boston Tea Party were known as the ____________.
Port Act, MA Government Act, Justice Act, and the Quartering Act.
What were the four Intolerable Acts?
First Continental Congress
A gathering of delegates that demanded the repeal of the Intolerable Acts, established a new boycott of British goods, and issued a Declaration of Rights and Grievances.
Battle of Lexington Concord
Confrontations in April 1775 between British and patriot minutemen; first battle of the Revolution
Battle of Lexington Concord
The “Shot heard ‘round’ the world refers to which battle?
June 11, 1776 and signed in July
When was the Declaration of Independence drawn up and signed?
How many men signed the Declaration of Independence?
Lives, Fortunes, and Sacred Honor
In the last line of the Declaration of Independence, the signers pledged their _____, ______, and ________
declaration of independence
A formal statement adopted by the 2nd Continental Congress in 1776, that listed justifications for rebellion and declared the American mainland colonies to be independent of Britain.
British General who was the military governor of MA and commander of the army occupying Boston in 1776.
Battle of Bunker (Breed’s) Hill
A battle for Boston on June 17, 1775 in which the patriot rebels were winning until they ran out of ammunition.
Commander of the Continental forces and quickly acted to reorganize the militia units, replace incompetent officers, and tighten discipline.
Battle of Trenton
Battle on December 26, 1776 when Washington led troops across the Delaware river and captured a Hessian Garrison
Sugar Act and Stamp Act
What were the two key acts that the British passed that lead to the War for Independence?
Articles of Confederation
An attempt to unite the colonies, but create too weak of a central government and so only lasts 5 years.
Where do delegates meet in Sept 1786 to discuss a meeting to revise the Articles of Confederation?
To revise the Articles of Confederation
What was the purpose of the Constitutional Convention that met from May 25 to September 17, 1787
What founding father was regarded as the Father of the Constitution and wrote a secret code in his newspaper.
Founding Father regarded as the Penman of the Constitution
How many mens signed the Constitution?
Articles of Confederation
Soon after the Declaration of Independence was approved, a national constitution was created. This became to be known as the _______
Three Laws that dealt with the sale of public lands in the NW territory and established a plan for the admission of new states to the union.
They created too weak of a central government
What was wrong with the Articles of Confederation?
A proposition calling for two houses with equal representation for the states in one house and proportional representation in the other.
An agreement to count 3/5 of a state’s slave population for purposes of determining a state’s representation in the House
Framers called for a meeting of delegates in each state to determine whether that state would ratify the constitution.
Pro-Constitution forces abandoned the label “nationalists” and took on the name ________
_________ were essays written by Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison in support of the Constitution.
A protest by grain farmers against the 1794 federal tax on whiskey; militia forces led by President Washington put down the PA uprising.
Naturalization Act, Alien Act, and Alien Enemies Act
What were the three acts passed in 1798 by Congress to counter political activities by immigrants.
Increase National Income, and get out of debt
Alexander Hamilton’s financial plan was passed so that the U.S. could ______ and _______.
Manufacturing instead of Agriculture
In Hamilton’s financial plan he wanted the U.S’ economy to become based on what?
Taxation, Tariffs, Assumption of State Debt, Funding of Debt, and creating a National Bank
What were the 5 parts to Hamilton’s Financial Plan?