HIST-105 FINAL

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Clovis People

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1

Clovis People

The name of early residents of North America whose spear points were found near what is now Clovis, New Mexico, in 1929. **All NA civilizations can be traced back to them

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2

When/ who discovered the Clovis people

1929, Ridgely Whiteman

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3

Black Death Stats

Arrived in Europe in October 1347

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4

Killed 20m people (1/3 of the population) in 5 years

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5

%__ of the Natives in the New World died from _____

95% from Smallpox

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6

Where did the Renaissance begin?

Florence, Italy (14th century)

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7

Martin Luther

-opposed the catholic church

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8

-salvation could not be bought, but only through belief

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9

Major European Powers

Portugal, Spain, France, England

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10

What was the Magna Carta? (year, purpose, who signed)

1215

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11

the crown was no longer above the law

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12

King John

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13

Maryland colony

-Founded in 1634 by Calvert (Lord Baltimore)

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14

-refuge for Roman Catholics

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15

-Act of Toleration

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16

Act of Toleration

-1649, ensured religious equality/ freedom in Maryland

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17

-repealed in 1692 when Roman Catholicism was banned in Maryland

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18

How many slaves were brought to North America?

1700-1800 10-11m slaves

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19

The Middle Passage

-the route that brought slaves from Africa to Americas

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20

-1 in every 6 died on the journey

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21

What started the Salem Witch Trials?

Young girls began having contortions and screaming fits for unknown reasons and a doctor diagnosed it as bewitchment

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22

What fueled the Salem Witch Trials?

Resentment for other people and fear of outsiders

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23

When/ why did the Salem Witch Trials stop?

Stopped in 1697, Mass General Court deemed the trials unlawful

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24

Who were the first women arrested in the Salem Witch Trials?

Tituba, Sarah Good, Sarah Osborn

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25

What are the main theories for the "bewitchment"?

-ergot fungus

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26

-girls were faking symptoms

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27

Stamp Act of 1765

Placed a tax on almost all printed materials in the colonies

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28

What was the first internal tax imposed on the colonies?

Stamp Act of 1765

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29

British Reaction to the Stamp Act

-shocked about the backlash from the colonists

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30

-king ignored protests

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31

-eventually Stamp Act was repealed

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32

-Declaratory Act

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33

Tea Act of 1773

Law passed by parliament allowing the British East India Company because they had a bunch sitting around

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34

Boston Tea Party

A 1773 protest against the Tea Act and disguised as Mohawks dumped 1m of tea into Boston Harbor

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35

What caused the Coercive/ Intolerable Acts?

Boston Tea Party

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36

What were the Intolerable Acts?

Boston Port Act

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37

Massachusetts Government Act

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38

General Thomas Gage made new Gov. of Mass

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39

main points of "The American Crisis" by Thomas Paine

-the benefits of fighting the British

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40

-you'll loose everything in the end if you don't fight

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41

To who and why did Washington read "The American Crisis" aloud?

Washington read it aloud to his troops to inspire them

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42

What was the outcome of the battle of Saratoga?

-France entered the war on America's side

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43

-turning point in the war

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44

Did British have support from Southern Loyalists? (2)

No

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45

-they were mad at Britain for taking their slaves

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46

-and later Britts sparked outrage among southern Loyalists by burning farms and stealing livestock

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47

Loyalist response to American Independence

They moved to Canada to continue living under British rule

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48

Which Americans signed the Treaty of Paris 1783? (3)

John Adams

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49

John Jay

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50

Ben Franklin

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51

Virginia Plan

-Bicameral legislature

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52

-representation based on population or wealth

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53

-favored larger states

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54

New Jersey Plan

A constitutional proposal that would have given each state one vote in a new congress

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55

Great Compromise

-States would have equal representation in the upper house of the legislature and

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56

representation based on population in the lower house

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57

-Separation of powers(3 branches)

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58

Who wrote the Federalist Papers?

James Madison

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59

Alexander Hamilton

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60

John Jay

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61

Washington's Farewell Address (3)

Warned Americans:

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62

-not to get involved in European affairs

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63

-not to make permanent alliances,

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64

-not to form political parties and to avoid sectionalism

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65

How long was the first American Bank's charter?

20 years

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66

Cause of XYZ Affair

American ships being plundered by France because the US didn't support them in war

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67

What was the XYZ affair?

It was an effort by the French to get the United States to pay a bribe before they would negotiate

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68

Convention of 1800

-A conference between the U.S. and France which ended the naval hostilities

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69

-resolved XYZ Affair

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70

Judiciary Act of 1801

a law that increased the number of federal judges, allowing President John Adams to fill most of the new posts with Federalists

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71

What was the British harassment of US ships called?

Impressment

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72

Who was Chief Justice during Marbury v Madison?

John Marshall

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73

What year was the Treaty of Ghent?

1814

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74

What were turnpikes?

paved toll roads

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75

How many miles of turnpikes were built from ____ -____

4,000 miles in 1790-1820

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76

In 1830, how long did it take to travel from NY to Boston?

1.5 days

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77

Who invented the telegraph?

Samuel Morse

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78

Second Middle Passage (2)

-The massive trade of slaves from the upper South to the lower South that took place between 1810 and 1860 because of cotton plantations

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-The largest forced migration in American History

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80

What __% of Virginia's population in 1800 were slaves

39.2%

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81

What were events where people would socialize and talk about religion?

Camp meetings

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82

By 1860 __ in every __ was a foreign born

1 in every 8

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83

What caused the American / Know Nothing Party?

-people hated Catholicism and a lot of Irish immigrants were Catholic

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84

-spurred the Order of the Star Spangled Banner which grew into the party

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85

Second Bank of the United States:

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86

-year

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-charter

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-main purposes (2)

-1816

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-20 year charter

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-regulate public trade & establish national currency

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91

Dartmouth College v. Woodward (1819)

1819

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92

A state has no right to meddle in private contracts

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93

McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)

1819

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94

Maryland's tax on a federal bank was ruled unconstitutional

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95

What were 2 thing that Henry Clay Compromised?

The Missouri Compromise (1820)

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96

The Compromise of 1850

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97

Describe America's population in the 1860's

More than half of the population lived West of the Appalachian mountains

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98

Monroe Doctrine (1823) (4)

1823

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99

-No more outside control of the US

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-European involvement would threaten US peace

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