Muscle Practical

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Masseter (human)

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Masseter (human)

Cheek muscle, Elevates mandible, mastication

<p>Cheek muscle, Elevates mandible, mastication</p>
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Sternohyoid (human)

anterior neck muscle, two stripes, Depresses hyoid during speech and swallowing

<p>anterior neck muscle, two stripes, Depresses hyoid during speech and swallowing</p>
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Masseter (cat)

ball shaped muscle in cheek, Depresses hyoid during speech and swallowing

<p>ball shaped muscle in cheek, Depresses hyoid during speech and swallowing</p>
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Sternohyoid (cat)

anterior neck muscle, two stripes, Depresses hyoid during speech and swallowing

<p>anterior neck muscle, two stripes, Depresses hyoid during speech and swallowing</p>
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Sternomastoid (cat)

v-shaped muscle in neck, Flexion of neck, rotating head

<p>v-shaped muscle in neck, Flexion of neck, rotating head</p>
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Temporalis (human)

muscle on temple of head, above masseter, Elevates and retracts mandible, mastication

<p>muscle on temple of head, above masseter, Elevates and retracts mandible, mastication</p>
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Orbicularis Oculi (human)

around eyes, closes eyes

<p>around eyes, closes eyes</p>
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Zygomaticus (human)

runs corner of mouth to cheeks, raises lateral corners of the mouth upward, allows for smiling,

<p>runs corner of mouth to cheeks, raises lateral corners of the mouth upward, allows for smiling,</p>
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Orbicularis Oris (human)

around mouth, closes lips

<p>around mouth, closes lips</p>
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Sternocleidomastoid (human)

v-shaped muscle in neck, Flexion of neck, rotating head

<p>v-shaped muscle in neck, Flexion of neck, rotating head</p>
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Pectoralis Major (human)

chest, Arm flexion, adducts and medially rotates arm

<p>chest, Arm flexion, adducts and medially rotates arm</p>
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Pectoralis Major (cat)

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Pectoralis Minor (human)

beneath pectoralis major, Draws scapula forward and inferiorly, draws ribcage superiorly

<p>beneath pectoralis major, Draws scapula forward and inferiorly, draws ribcage superiorly</p>
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Pectoralis Minor (cat)

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Xiphihumeralis (cat)

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Muscles of the chest

pectoralis major, pectoralis minor, xiphihumeralis

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Rectus Abdominis (human)

medial core, Flexes and rotates vertebral column

<p>medial core, Flexes and rotates vertebral column</p>
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Rectus Abdominis (cat)

medial core, superficial layer, flexes and rotates vertebral column

<p>medial core, superficial layer, flexes and rotates vertebral column</p>
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External Oblique (human)

lateral to abdominals, superficial, Flexes and rotates vertebral column, compresses abdominal wall, trunk rotation and lateral flexion

<p>lateral to abdominals, superficial, Flexes and rotates vertebral column, compresses abdominal wall, trunk rotation and lateral flexion</p>
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External Oblique (cat)

lateral to abdominals, superficial, Flexes and rotates vertebral column, compresses abdominal wall, trunk rotation and lateral flexion

<p>lateral to abdominals, superficial, Flexes and rotates vertebral column, compresses abdominal wall, trunk rotation and lateral flexion</p>
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Internal Oblique (human)

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Internal Oblique (cat)

lateral to abdominals, second layer, Flexes and rotates vertebral column, compresses abdominal wall, trunk rotation and lateral flexion

<p>lateral to abdominals, second layer, Flexes and rotates vertebral column, compresses abdominal wall, trunk rotation and lateral flexion</p>
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Transversus Abdominis (human)

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Transversus Abdominis (cat)

lateral to abdominals, lowest layer, Compresses abdominal wall

<p>lateral to abdominals, lowest layer, Compresses abdominal wall</p>
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Muscles of the Abdomen

rectus abdominis, external, internal, transverse oblique

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Clavotrapezius (cat)

posterior lateral neck, extending head, or act on the scapula to stabilize, rotate, retract, elevate, or depress it

<p>posterior lateral neck, extending head, or act on the scapula to stabilize, rotate, retract, elevate, or depress it</p>
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Acromiotrapezius (cat)

on shoulder blade, extending head, or act on the scapula to stabilize, rotate, retract, elevate, or depress it

<p>on shoulder blade, extending head, or act on the scapula to stabilize, rotate, retract, elevate, or depress it</p>
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Spinotrapezius (cat)

below acrominotrapezius, v-shaped, mid back, extending head, or act on the scapula to stabilize, rotate, retract, elevate, or depress it

<p>below acrominotrapezius, v-shaped, mid back, extending head, or act on the scapula to stabilize, rotate, retract, elevate, or depress it</p>
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Trapezius (human)

extending head, or act on the scapula to stabilize, rotate, retract, elevate, or depress it

<p>extending head, or act on the scapula to stabilize, rotate, retract, elevate, or depress it</p>
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Clavodeltoid (cat)

top of shoulder, runs side to side, abduction of the arm; can contribute to flexion, extension, and rotation of the arm

<p>top of shoulder, runs side to side, abduction of the arm; can contribute to flexion, extension, and rotation of the arm</p>
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Acromiodeltoid (cat)

below calvodeltoid, runs side to side, abduction of the arm; can contribute to flexion, extension, and rotation of the arm

<p>below calvodeltoid, runs side to side, abduction of the arm; can contribute to flexion, extension, and rotation of the arm</p>
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Spinodeltoid (cat)

runs up and down on shoulder, abduction of the arm; can contribute to flexion, extension, and rotation of the arm

<p>runs up and down on shoulder, abduction of the arm; can contribute to flexion, extension, and rotation of the arm</p>
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Deltoid (human)

shoulder, abduction of the arm; can contribute to flexion, extension, and rotation of the arm

<p>shoulder, abduction of the arm; can contribute to flexion, extension, and rotation of the arm</p>
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Latissimus Dorsi (cat)

lower mid back muscle, large, Adducts and medially rotates arm

<p>lower mid back muscle, large, Adducts and medially rotates arm</p>
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Latissimus Dorsi (human)

mid lower mid back muscle, large, Adducts and medially rotates arm

<p>mid lower mid back muscle, large, Adducts and medially rotates arm</p>
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Superficial Muscles of Shoulder and Back

trapezius, deltoid, latissimus dorsi

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Serratus Ventralis (cat)

side, fan shaped, multi ended muscles, Protract and hold scapula against chest, rotates scapula

<p>side, fan shaped, multi ended muscles, Protract and hold scapula against chest, rotates scapula</p>
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Serratus Anterior (human)

side, fan shaped, multi ended muscles, Protract and hold scapula against chest, rotates scapula

<p>side, fan shaped, multi ended muscles, Protract and hold scapula against chest, rotates scapula</p>
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Rhomboids (cat)

seen in praying position, between scapula, Pull scapula medially, stabilizes scapula

<p>seen in praying position, between scapula, Pull scapula medially, stabilizes scapula</p>
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Rhomboids (human)

between scapula, Pull scapula medially, stabilizes scapula

<p>between scapula, Pull scapula medially, stabilizes scapula</p>
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Supraspinatus (cat)

runs up and down, medial upper back, Abduction of the arm, stabilizes arm

<p>runs up and down, medial upper back, Abduction of the arm, stabilizes arm</p>
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Supraspinatus (human)

above spine of scapula, Lateral rotation of the arm

<p>above spine of scapula, Lateral rotation of the arm</p>
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Infraspinatus (cat)

Mid back, under supraspinatus, Lateral rotation of the arm

<p>Mid back, under supraspinatus, Lateral rotation of the arm</p>
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Infraspinatus (human)

below spine of trapezius, Lateral rotation of the arm

<p>below spine of trapezius, Lateral rotation of the arm</p>
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Deep Muscles of the Trunk

serratus ventralis (anterior), rhomboids, supraspinatus, infraspinatus

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Muscles of the Forelimb

biceps brachii, triceps brachii, brachialis, pronator teres, palmares longus

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Biceps Brachii (cat)

anterior upper arm, Forearm flexion

<p>anterior upper arm, Forearm flexion</p>
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Biceps Brachii (human)

anterior upper arm, Forearm flexion

<p>anterior upper arm, Forearm flexion</p>
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Triceps Brachii (cat)

posterior upper arm, forearm extension

<p>posterior upper arm, forearm extension</p>
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Triceps Brachii (human)

posterior upper arm, forearm extension

<p>posterior upper arm, forearm extension</p>
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Brachialis (cat)

under biceps brachiallis, Forearm flexion

<p>under biceps brachiallis, Forearm flexion</p>
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Brachialis (human)

under biceps brachiallis, Forearm flexion

<p>under biceps brachiallis, Forearm flexion</p>
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Pronator Teres (cat)

runs across anterior lower arm, Pronates forearm

<p>runs across anterior lower arm, Pronates forearm</p>
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Pronator Teres (human)

runs across anterior lower arm, Pronates forearm

<p>runs across anterior lower arm, Pronates forearm</p>
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Palmaris Longus (cat)

large, runs across anterior lower arm up and down, Flexes hand, tenses skin of palm

<p>large, runs across anterior lower arm up and down, Flexes hand, tenses skin of palm</p>
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Palmaris Longus (human)

large, runs across anterior lower arm up and down, Flexes hand, tenses skin of palm

<p>large, runs across anterior lower arm up and down, Flexes hand, tenses skin of palm</p>
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Muscles of the Posteriolateral Thigh

tensor fascia lata, gluteus medius, gluteus maximus, caudofemoralis, biceps femoris, semimembanosus, semitendinosus

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Tensor Fascia Lata (with fascia lata) (cat)

knowt flashcard image
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Tensor Fascia Lata (with fascia lata) (human)

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Gluteus Medius (cat)

knowt flashcard image
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Gluteus Medius (human)

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Gluteus Maximus (cat)

knowt flashcard image
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Gluteus Maximus (human)

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Caudofemoralis (cat)

knowt flashcard image
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Hamstrings

biceps femoris, semitendinosus, semimembranosus

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Biceps Femoris (cat)

knowt flashcard image
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Biceps Femoris (human)

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Semimembranosus (cat)

knowt flashcard image
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Semimembranosus (human)

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Semitendinosus (cat)

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Semitendinosus (human)

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Muscles of the Anteriomedial Thigh

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Sartorius (cat)

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Sartorius (human)

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Gracilis (cat)

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Gracilis (human)

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Adductor Longus (cat)

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Adductor Longus (human)

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Adductor Femoris (cat)

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Adductor Femoris (human)

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Quadriceps

rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, medialis intermedius

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Rectus Femoris (cat)

knowt flashcard image
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Rectus Femoris (human)

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Vastus Lateralis (cat)

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