Juvenile Justice Chapter 12 (Book)- Dispositional Alternatives

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Away Syndrome


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21 Terms

Away Syndrome

Approach that discourages attempts to find alternatives to incarceration, frequently arises in reaction to unsuccessful attempts at rehabilitation, and frequently is accompanied by an "Out-of-sight, out-of-mind" attitude

Boot Camp

Residential correctional facility where drill instructors replicate training techniques used on boot camps of the armed forces, adapting their methods to the special needs of juvenile offenders. The purpose is to "shock" residents into socially productive conformity over a period of 30 to 120 days.

Capital Punishment

Death Penalty

Day Reporting Centers (DRCs)

Structured, community-based programs where intensive supervision and services are provided to youth Postadjudication. The goals are to protect the community and divert future criminal behavior.

Foster Homes

Nonsecure residential facilities that expand the concept of family replication by loosening the institutional restrictions found in group homes with a small number of supervisors and residents. It is generally limited to victims of abuse and neglect rather than to lawbreakers. It attempts to substitute a foster family for a child's biological family.

Intensive Supervision

Probation program mandated for persons who may pose a risk of flight or noncompliance with the terms of probation. Adult intensive supervision was originally designed during the 1980s to lower costs and reduce prison overcrowding. It is an intensified version of standard probation and emphasizes increased surveillance, more frequent contacts with probation officers, and enhanced control over participants. Electronic monitoring is commonplace.

John Augustus

Founding father of probation.

Juvenile Detention Alternatives Initiative (JDAI)

A reform initiative that focuses on changing policies, practices, and programs to reduce secure confinement of youth, improve public safety, reduce costs for youth corrections, reduce racial disparities and bias, and encourage juvenile justice reforms overall.

Labeling Process

Process whereby reactions of society, family, and the justice system can exaggerate problems in family, school, and peer relations, and the juvenile may find it difficult to meet the expectations established for him or her.

National Probation Act

Passed in 1925, legislation that authorized federal district court judges to hire probation officers as well.

Positive Peer Culture

Orientation used in some treatment programs in which the youthful offender is surrounded by a positive and prosocial set of peers in the program.

Private Detention Facilities

Detention facilities that tend to house fewer delinquents than do public facilities and are less oriented toward strict custody than are facilities operated by the state department of corrections.


Sentence that is served in the community under supervision by a probation officer. The offender's sentence begins and ends in the community, assuming that he or she complies with the terms of probation.

Probation as Conditional Release

Community supervision that is purely conditional on offenders' compliance with any variety of court-mandated requirements set by the judge.

Public Detention and Juvenile Prison Facilities

Detention facilities that are frequently located near large urban centers and often house large numbers of delinquents in a cottage- or dormitory-type setting; they are similar to minimum, medium, and maximum adult correctional facilities and securely house violent youth sentenced to one or more years in prison.

Revocation of Probation

Cessation of probation with a corresponding imposition or execution of the sentence that could have been given originally by a judge

Shock Intervention

Term used synonymously with boot camp. The purpose is to "shock" residents into socially productive conformity.

Technical Violation

Minor infraction committed by the probationer while in community supervision. Technical violations are generally worked out between the probationer and the probation officer, and they usually don't result in revocation action unless the probationer develops a complete disregard for the terms or conditions of probation.

Victim-Offender Mediation Program

Program that has strong grounding in restorative justice principles by bringing the victim and the offender together in mediation. The desired result is closure and emotional healing on the part of the victim, with accountability and remorse being observed on the part of the offender.

Victim-Offender Reconciliation Program

Program that brings the victim and the offender together to reconcile a criminal wrong that the offender has committed against the victim. It is a much more informal process than are standard court proceedings.

Victims of Crime Impact Panels (VCIPs)

Community-based panels that strive to teach competency to offenders. They also attempt to develop offender empathy for understanding the impacts on the victims.