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Greater Perfect System
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developed by the Greeks: Two octaves (four tetrachords)
A brief lyrical poem set to music
When was the earliest form of chant notation?
around the ninth century
calligraphic signs place above the text
Chironomic and diastematic notation
music manuscripts with line or no lines
Syllabic vs Melismatic chant
one note per syllabus vs many notes per syllable
Guido of Arezzo
he introduced the music staff with the name of the notes and the "musical hand"
First theoretical source of polyphony (the simultaneous sounding of two or more melodic lines)
single-line texture, or melody without accompaniment
music with two or more melodies blended together
first manuscript that indicates the name of composers
addition of music or text (or both) to a pre-existing chant
Hildegard of Bingen
important women and nun who composed many chants, which are collected in a manuscript called "Symphonia"
Troubadours and Trouveres
Itinerant poets/musicians in France
Minnesingers D Geisenringer
poet/musicians in Germany
school of composition led by Leoninus and Perotinus located in Notre Dame, Paris
two alternating groups singing
schemes of poetic and musical repetition; a song that follows a specific structure
center of the Italian Renaissance
When was music printing introduced and why was it important?
it was introduced early 16th century and it provided additional opportunities and freedom for composers
What does "imitation" in polyphony mean?
a polyphonic musical texture in which a melodic idea is freely or strictly echoed by successive voices.
a form of Italian comic or amorous song, especially from the 15th and 16th centuries.
Renaissance secular work originating in Italy for voices, with or without instruments, set to a short, lyric love poem.