Introduction to the Iliad [NO WORD BOX ON TEST]

studied byStudied by 16 people
5.0(1)
get a hint
hint

an epic

1 / 30

encourage image

There's no tags or description

Looks like no one added any tags here yet for you.

31 Terms

1

an epic

an extended poem recounting actions, travels, adventures, and heroic episodes

  • written in high style with ennobled diction

  • 12 or 24 books long

New cards
2

protagonist of an epic

  • heroically larger than life

  • usually subject of legend or national hero

  • displays greater-than-human strength

New cards
3

Characteristics of an epic

  • heroic protagonist

  • deeds of protagonist presented without favoritism

  • settings provides vast scope

  • the gods affect outcome of actions

  • all adventures form an organic whole that leads to a central theme

New cards
4

what does an epic poem begin with?

either a statement of a theme or the invocation to the muse

New cards
5

what does in medius res mean?

“in the middle of things;” the story begins in the middle of the action

New cards
6

why is the catalog of ships important?

  1. to build tension

  2. panhellenic vast scope: whole known Greek world

  3. shout outs

  4. people → whole world

New cards
7

what literary devices are used in epic poetry?

  • beginning of poem theme or muse invocation

  • in medius res

  • catalogs

  • descriptions of important items

  • epithets

  • patronymics

  • formal speeches

  • journey to underworld

  • repetition of past events

New cards
8

when did the Trojan War take place?

12th century BC (1100 BCs)

New cards
9

when was the Iliad written?

750 BC - 550 BC

New cards
10

How was the Iliad passed down?

oral tradition

New cards
11

attributed author of the Iliad

Homer

New cards
12

where was Troy located?

Anatolia (now Turkey) across the Aegean Sea from the Greeks\

  • Troy: wealthy trading city, known for large, defensive walls

New cards
13

who discovered Troy?

Heinrich Schliemann (1870)

  • he used geographical clues from the story to determine the city’s location

New cards
14

the Iliad

“Song of Ilion” → song of Troy

New cards
15

REVIEW THE HISTORY OF THE TROJAN WAR

New cards
16

Why did the Iliad appeal to Greek audiences?

  1. they didn’t consider the stories entirely historical

  2. source of national identity

  3. Homer’s heroes were popular and very human

New cards
17

what did the Greeks believe the main purpose of life was?

  • to achieve glory and honor

New cards
18

what did glory & honor lead to in the Greek world?

glory → fame → immortality on earth

  • greatest insult to a Homeric hero = to withold his honor in some way

New cards
19

what are the four parts of a tragic hero according to Aristotle?

  1. arete

  2. hubris

  3. ate

  4. nemesis

New cards
20

Arete

excellence in some way

New cards
21

Hubris

excessive pride due to excellence

New cards
22

Ate

rash, reckless behavior due to pride

New cards
23

Nemesis

retribution or punishment for wreckless behavior

New cards
24

who can we apply Aristotle’s principles to in the Iliad?

Achilles

New cards
25

Hamartia

a tragic flaw

  • can be translated as “missing the mark” or “miscalculation”

  • same world used in the New Testament as “sin”

New cards
26

Characteristics of Achilles

  1. demigod

  2. good to bad fortune

  3. hamartia leads to this change of fortune

New cards
27

what is the tragic flaw present in the Iliad?

  • hubris (especially Achilles and Agamemnon)

  • anger

New cards
28

what is the first word of the Iliad?

Menin, meaning anger

  • “Anger sing of, goddess, of Peleus’s son Achilles”

  • provides main theme of the Iliad: ANGER of Achilles

New cards
29

alternate names for the Greeks

Akhaians, Danaans, Argives

New cards
30

which gods favor the Greeks?

  • Poseidon

  • Hera

  • Athena

  • Hermes

  • Hephastus

New cards
31

which gods favor the Trojans?

  • Ares

  • Apollo

  • Dionysus

  • Armetis

  • Aphrodite

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 150 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(4)
note Note
studied byStudied by 48 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 12 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 20 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 41 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(4)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard28 terms
studied byStudied by 42 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard29 terms
studied byStudied by 1 person
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard46 terms
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard28 terms
studied byStudied by 34 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(3)
flashcards Flashcard27 terms
studied byStudied by 16 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard33 terms
studied byStudied by 17 people
Updated ... ago
4.5 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard62 terms
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard324 terms
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)