studied byStudied by 28 People

Manifest Destiny


Tags & Description

US History

AP United States History


Studying Progress

New cards
Still learning
Almost Done
44 Terms

Manifest Destiny

the belief that the U.S. should extend all the way to the pacific ocean


Political theory proposed by John C. Calhoun that argued that a State convention had the right to "nullify (declare null and void) a federal law within its borders.

Young America Movement

A group of expansionists affiliated with the Democratic Party. During the 1840s they helped to popularize the idea of Manifest Destiny.

Anthony Burns

One of the most famous runaway slaves to be returned under the Fugitive Slave Act enacted by the Compromise of 1850.

Joseph Smith

Founder of the Mormon faith. Claimed God spoke directly to him; organized a private army¸ the Nauvoo Legion. Sanctioned polygamy.

Conscience Whigs

A group of antislavery members of the Whig Party.

Gabriel's Rebellion

In 1800¸ a plot to overthrow Virginia's slave government in Richmond was advanced by an enslaved blacksmith

Force Bill

Bill passed by Congress allowing President Jackson to use military force¸ if necessary¸ to force South Carolina not to nullify various tariffs.

Peggy Eaton

Pretty¸ flirtatious daughter of a Washington tavern owner¸ gossips linked her with Jackson's friend¸ the Secretary of War

Task System

System slaves were assigned daily specific work to be done.

Great American Desert

Vast region of North America which featured forbidding mountains¸ arid plains¸ and burning wastelands.

Trail of Tears

The forced march of the Cherokee Indians off their homeland to the Indian Territory (Oklahoma).

Harriet Tubman

Escaped slave who returned South to serve as a conductor on the Underground Railroad.


Spanish speaking settlers in Texas

Personal Liberty Laws

Laws passed in northern states prohibiting the use of jails or law enforcement officers in the recapture of fugitive slaves.

Kitchen Cabinet

Unofficial group of advisers to Andrew Jackson that emerged in the wake of the cabinet shakeup that followed the Peggy Eaton controversy.

All of the following statements regarding Brigham Young are true, EXCEPT he

was the founder of the church of Latter Day Saints

In slave Christianity this man, called the "liberator," stood beside Jesus. He was:


The inventor of the cotton gin was

Eli Whitney

The religious prophet and founder of the Mormons was

Joseph smith

The whipping of slaves was

A common form of punishment

Which of the following best describes the Middle Passage?


The Force Bill refers to Andrew Jackson's attempt to

prevent South Carolina from nullifying the tariff

The large slave rebellion that began in Southampton, Virginia, in 1831 under the leadership of a Baptist lay minister was known as the

Nat Turner Revolt

The Indian Removal Act of 1830 stated that Native American

needed to be removed to West of The Mississippi River

In what ruling did the Supreme Court argue that Georgia State law had no authority over the Indian nations within the State's boundaries?

Worcester VS Georgia

President Polk provoked a war with Mexico

In order to acquire New Mexico and California, by sending General Zachary Taylor and four thousand soldiers to patrol the Rio Grande, By encouraging settlers in Monterey, California to dream of US annexation

The idea of "one big reservation" for Native Americans in the West was replaced in the 1850s with a policy calling for

Forcing Indians onto small reservation

Upon the election of her husband to the Presidency, Sara Polk furnished the White House with

Newly purchased Slaves

The Tariff of 1828 was known throughout the South as the

Tariff of Abominations

In 1846 Senator Thomas Hart Benton declared that he could not "repine" that this group was disappearing from the US. This group was:

The Native Americans

Georgia's dispute in the 1820s into the late 1830 over state power over Native American groups focused on the

The Cherokees

In regard to slavery, in the late eighteenth century evangelical preachers

Called for the freeing of slaves

Anthony Burns

was a runaway slave arrested under the Fugitive Slave Act

In response to the nullification crisis, Andrew Jackson

Asserted the inviolentability of the Union and of federal control of tariffs and other matters of foreign policy

White populists pronounced blacks

unfit to be citizens, reside in the US, earn an education

The political party that emerged in the 1830s to oppose Andrew Jackson was


The "corrupt bargain" of 1824 refers to an alleged deal made between which two statesmen?

John Quincy Adams and Henry Clay

In the early nineteenth century, free blacks

Constituted roughly ten percent of the population of New York City

The Democratic Party

supported both agrarian democratic principles and the confrontation of southern slavery

The election of 1840 pitted which two candidates against each other?

Martin Van Buren and William Henry Harrison

Andrew Jackson's Indian policy

openly violated Supreme Court rulings by allowing state governments to encroach on Indian land

A common calculation that separated the large planters from yeoman farmers was that a planter owned

Twenty Slaves

In response to the Whig Party nomination of Zachary Taylor in 1848, many "conscience Whigs" fled the party, joined with antislavery Democrats, and formed the

Free Soil Party