Social Studies 8th Grade - Chapters 6 & 7

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People who were loyal to Great Britain during the American Revolution.


American colonists that wanted independence from Great Britain.

Thomas Paine's "Common Sense"

A pamphlet that explained why it was common sense for the American colonies to end their relationship with Great Britain. It helped to convince more colonists to choose independence.

Proclamation of 1763

A law that banned colonists from moving west of the Appalachian mountains after the French and Indian War.

French and Indian War

A war fought between England and France, both with help from Native Americans, over land in the Ohio River Valley.

Declaration of Independence

A document written by Thomas Jefferson that formally declared the 13 colonies to be free and independent states.

Treaty of Paris

A peace treaty between France and England, England and the United States.

Boston Massacre

An event between colonists and British soldiers guarding a government building in Boston in which a small number of colonists were killed. Colonists publicized the event in a way that encouraged colonists to see British soldiers as aggressive and abusive to them.

Boston Tea Party

Angered over the Tea Act, a small number of colonists dressed as Native Americans boarded cargo ships and threw tea into Boston Harbor.

Battle of Trenton

A Christmas surprise attack by Washington and his troops on Hessian soldiers (German soldiers employed by the British to help fight the Revolution) in Trenton.

Battle of Saratoga

A battle is considered the turning point of the war because thanks to American soldiers' defeat of British soldiers at Saratoga, France joined the USA as an ally.

Battle of Yorktown

The last major battle of the Revolution, at which Washington and his troops trapped British General Cornwallis and his troops at Yorktown. Cornwallis surrendered.

Townshend Acts

Laws passed by Britain to tax the American colonies.

Stamp Act

A law that stated that colonists had to pay a tax on all stamped items. The money went to pay for British Troops in the colonies.

Quartering Act

A law that required colonist to allow soldiers to live in their homes.

Intolerable Acts

Laws that were passed by Britain to punish the colonists for the Boston Tea Party. The Boston Harbor was closed and the Massachusetts Assembly was disbanded because of this.

Sugar Act

Law that attempted to stop smuggling of sugar in the colonies by lowering the tax.

George Washington

The commander of the Continental Army.

Thomas Paine

Wrote the "Common Sense" pamphlet that said colonists owed nothing to the King.

Thomas Jefferson

The author of the Declaration of Independence.


German soldiers that were paid by England to fight on the side of Britain during the Revolution.

King George III

The King of Great Britain during the American Revolution.

Which battle is known as the turning point of the revolution and why?

The battle of Saratoga was the turning point of the revolution because the French came out as an ally with the colonists, and raised the patriots' morale.

What was unusual about Washington's attack at Trenton?

Washington's attack at Trenton was unusual because he crossed the Delaware River during a storm, and proceeded to defeat the Hessians.

What pamphlet did Washington read to his men before the Battle of Trenton, and who wrote it?

The pamphlet Washington read to his men before the Battle of Trenton was the American Crisis, by Thomas Paine.

Which of the American strengths was most important to helping them win the war?

Patriotism was the most important strength of the American.