a single carbon atom double-bonded to an oxygen atom and also bonded to a hydroxyl group. Indicates that the molecule is acidic because it can easily donate the hydrogen.
A chemical group consisting of an oxygen atom bonded to a hydrogen atom. They are polar, and often form bonds with water. The names of the substances usually end in -ol.
Carbon double bonded to Oxygen C = O. Can be a ketone or an aldehyde
A molecule with a carbonyl group where the carbon/oxygen double bond is located on the central carbon. Forms a t-shape or plus
A functional group consisting of a carbon bonded to three hydrogen atoms. The group may be attached to a carbon or to a different atom.
A functional group consisting of a Nitrogen atom bonded to two hydrogen atoms. These indicate that the molecule is basic because the nitrogen can easily pick up another hydrogen atom, reducing the H+ concentration
A functional group consisting of a sulfur atom bonded to a hydrogen atom.
A functional group consisting of a phosphorus atom covalently bonded to four oxygen atoms. Always present in nucleic acids (Found in ATPs, DNA, and RNA)
Monomers of Carbs
Unit bond of carbs
Polymers of carbs
What are the functional groups of carbs
Carbonyl and Hydroxyl
Functions of Carbs
Energy source, structure, and storage
Glycerol and fatty acids
Monomers of lipids
Unit bond of lipids
What are the functional groups of lipids?
Phosphate, methyl, and carboxyl
Functions of lipids
Longterm energy storage, insulation, and cell membranes