drivers's ed ch. 3-4

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rules of seatbelts


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rules of seatbelts

  1. all passengers must wear seatbelts

  2. driver is responsible for all passengers under 18

  3. 18 and over responsible for themselves (in front seat)

  4. 18 and over passengers in backseat can be ticketed for not wearing seatbelts

  5. drivers in GDL program must require all passengers to use a seatbelt

seatbelts save and improve motorist’s chances of surviving by what percent?


how many times better of surviving a crash if wearing seatbelt?



prevent the motorists and passengers from being thrown from the vehicle/slow the body down

if a vehicle stops...

you keep going at the same speed

child under the age of 4 and weighing less than 40 pounds (or under age 2 and 30 pounds)...

need to be seated in rear facing approved restraint

child under age of 8 and height of 57 inches...

need to be seated in forward facing child restraint/approved booster seat

what happens when there's no backseat?

child can be placed in front seat with proper restraint, but cannot be a rear facing restraint

child 12 years and younger...

sits in the backseat

when failing to comply with seatbelt laws in relation to children, fines are...


airbags are...

standard equipment required in new passenger cars and light trucks

how fast do bags infate?


from 1987-2015, airbags have saved...

44869 lives

responsibility falls on the ___ to make sure vehicle is in working condition.


make sure the following are working (BBBHH)

backup lights, brakes, brake lights, headlights, horn

it is against the law to have _____ while moving forward

backup lights

make sure the following are working (STTTW)

steering wheel, tail lights, tires, turn signals, windshield

__ and __ must be removed.


violators will be fined ___ for bad car condition. this amount increases to ____ if the car is damaged because of snow/ice.

$25-75, $1500

carbon monoxide

odorless, colorless gas in vehicle exhaust

carbon monoxide poisoning can be caused by....

vehicle with exhaust leak/poorly tuned engine, operating vehicle with trunk/tailgate open, vehicle with holes, idling, blocked tailpipe

symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning include...

headache, dizziness, loss of consciousness, nausea/vomiting, chest pain, confusion

when getting into a parked car...

check the surrounding on the car for things that can't be seen from driver's seat

when getting into a parked car, make sure that...

windows and mirrors clean, adjust the seat for leg room and steering wheel, adjust mirrors, seatbelts are fastened, doors are locked

when idling, restrict it to __ or less. if not, you can be fined __.

3 minutes, $250-1000

what comes into play when trying to stop?

reaction time, weather and visibility, vehicle weight, brake conditions, condition and type of tires, roadway conditions

ABS stands for...

anti-locking brake system

what is the old braking system called?

conventional drum and disk brake

how many feet away should you turn on the turn signal?

100 ft

horns can also alert other drivers when turning. use a horn from __ ft away.


what are the basic steps of driving in reverse?

Make sure the path is clear using mirrors and turning, turn to the right so you can see the back clearly, place your right arm on the back of the passenger's seat, grasp the steering wheel.

you will be asked to reverse about __ ft during road test.


are backup cameras and parking sensors allowed during the road test?


when turning, use either your __ or a _. slow down when approaching ___.

turn signal, hand signal, intersections

angled parking is usually found in __.

parking lots

when you're backing out...

make sure vehicle is clear, tap horn to warn nearby pedestrians, check surroundings, make sure front wheel clears the bumper

when parking downhill...

hand wheel should be set, steering wheel should be turned RIGHT, towards the curb)

when parking uphill,

hand wheel should be set, steering wheel should be turned AWAY from the curb

what is a common contributing factor to crashes?

speed control

rules of speed control include...

staying w/ flow of traffic, keep safe distance from other traffic, be aware of road/weather condition and adjust your speed

when should you slow down?

narrow/winding roads, intersections/railroads, hills, sharp/blind curves, when there's pedestrians/obstacles, when road is slippery/wet

when there's a problem w/ the vehicle, you should...

pull over and turn on hazard lights

go 25mph when in a...

school zones, business/residential districts

go 35mph when in a...

suburban, business/residential districts

go 50mph when in...

non-posted rural roadways

go 55mph when in...

certain state highways/interstates

go 65 mph when in...

certain interstate highways

fines are doubled for speeding when...

exceeding 10mph over the limit in the 65mph zone

passing is usually on the __, and is on the ___ only in certain situations.

left, right