unit 5- part 1 VOCABULARY

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25 Terms


the state in which individuals become likely to do harm either to themselves or to others, representing a threat to their own or other people's safety


any behavior that differs significantly from what is considered appropriate or typical for a social group


unpleasant feelings or emotions that impact one's level of functioning. it is the result of maladaptive coping with stress


when behaviors or cognitive patterns interfere in an individual's ability to carry out daily activities- for example, hold down a job or maintain relationships

social norm definition

the informal rules that govern behavior in groups and societies

statistical frequency

a behavior is seen as abnormal if it is statistically uncommon, not seen very often in society

optimal mental health criteria

a behavior is seen as abnormal if it is outside of "healthy"

mental illness criteria

a behavior is seen as abnormal if it qualifies a predetermined list of symptoms per illness

maladaptive criteria

a behavior is seen as abnormal if it is likely to harm yourself or someone else- 2 or more factors must concur


abnormal EMOTIONS: intensity of emotion, depth of emotion, lack of emotion, inappropriate emotions


abnormal things we can all SEE: changes in routine, ritualistic behavior, social changes


abnormal thoughts, memories: voices, reoccurring thoughts, memory lapses, hallucinations


bodily symptoms: pain, fatigue, intense energy, sensory loss


diagnostic and statistical manual- standardized process that leads to a reliable result

icd 10

internal classification of diseases (europe)


chinese classification of mental disorders

has unique cultural realities to china!


how consistent and stable the results of a diagnosis are

confirmation bias

a schema-driven bias when the clinician looks to confirm initial expectations

clinical bias

any bias that comes from the assumed role of healer to sick

sick role bias

when a person sees the clinician, the clinician is naturally motivated to diagnose

gender bias

due to schematic representation of women, they are more likely to be diagnosed by a clinician


the presence of two or more disorders


the extreme disapproval of a person or group as a result of some characteristic that differs from the norms followed by other members of society

labeling theory

the frame work for examining the negatives of giving a label for a diagnosis based on the fact that labels used in mental health focus on the "deviant" social behavior

self-fulfilling prophecy

believing you are mentally ill can cause you to attribute your own dysfunctional behaviors to a mental illness and lose an internal locus of control (blaming yourself)