English Final - LIT TERMS

studied byStudied by 4 people
5.0(2)
get a hint
hint

Romanticism (1800-1855)

1 / 81

Tags and Description

82 Terms

1

Romanticism (1800-1855)

Exists as a reaction to everything that had come before it; Romantic artists/philosophers/writers saw limitations of reason and celebrated glories of the basic elements of human nature

New cards
2

Gothic/Dark Romanticism

A subgenre of romanticism that focuses on life's negativity

New cards
3

Transcendentalism (1830-1855)

Describes how people have knowledge about themselves and the world around them that “transcends” or goes beyond their senses through intuition and imagination; Three big ideas = goodness of man, glories of nature, free individual expression

New cards
4

Realism

A literary movement that represents reality by portraying mundane, everyday experiences as they are in real life

New cards
5

Naturalism

A literary movement from the late 19th and early 20th centuries, focuses on explanations that come from the laws of nature Instead of using supernatural or spiritual explanations

New cards
6

Modernism (1855-1925)

The new generation of writers were disillusioned by the war and appalled by the materialism of the age, they searched for different literary forms to express what they understood as the modern consciousness

New cards
7

Harlem Renaissance

An unprecedented period of literary, musical, and artistic production among African Americans, reached its peak in the 1920s, and was centered in the Harlem section of NYC. Southern African Americans were fleeing poverty and growing racial violence, hoped to find more economic and personal freedom in the North.

New cards
8

Postmodernism

A movement of questioning of the ideas and values associated with a form of modernism that believes in progress and innovation; like modernism, this movement does not designate any one style of art or culture

New cards
9

Aphorism

A brief, cleverly worded statement that makes a wise observation about life

New cards
10

Catalog

The use of frequent lists of people, things, and attributes in poetry

New cards
11

Parallelism

Related ideas phrased in similar ways

New cards
12

Free verse

Poetry that does not have regular patterns of rhyme and meter

New cards
13

Blank verse

Poetry written in unrhymed but metered lines, almost always iambic pentameter

New cards
14

Iambic pentameter

A rhythmic pattern that consists of ten syllables per line, with alternating stressed and unstressed syllables

New cards
15

Situational irony

Occurs when there is an incongruity between what is expected to happen and what actually happens

New cards
16

Tone

The attitude a writer takes towards an idea/subject; reflects feelings of the writer

New cards
17

Characterization

Technique used to develop characters (speech, physical looks, etc.)

New cards
18

Stock characters

Ones who represent specific stereotypes

New cards
19

Static/flat characters

Ones that do not change from the start of the story through to the end

New cards
20

Dynamic/round characters

Ones who change and evolve throughout the story

New cards
21

Faust legend

Expresses the daring and danger of pursuing an aspiration even if it comes at the cost of one's soul/being

New cards
22

Inductive reasoning

A method of drawing conclusions by going from the specific to the general

New cards
23

Deductive reasoning

A logical approach where you progress from general ideas to specific conclusions

New cards
24

Speaker

The voice in a poem that talks to the reader

New cards
25

Imagery

Descriptive words or phrases a writer uses to recreate sensory experiences

New cards
26

Essay

A piece of writing that gives the author's own argument

New cards
27

Persuasive rhetoric

Using language to argue effectively for/against a set of beliefs or course of action, to convince others to adopt a position or act in a certain way

New cards
28

Emotional appeal

Persuasion of an audience by purposely evoking certain emotions to make them feel the way the author wants them to feel

New cards
29

Logical appeal

Persuasion of an audient through the use of logic, reason, data, and facts

New cards
30

Parable

A story which is intended to teach a lesson

New cards
31

Allegory

A symbolic fictional narrative that conveys a hidden meaning

New cards
32

Repetition

When a word or phrase is repeated to provide clarity and emphasis, highlighting deeper meanings in the text

New cards
33

Symbol

A person, object, place, event, or action that suggests/represents more than its literal meaning

New cards
34

Allusion

A reference to a historical or literary person/place/event

New cards
35

Setting

Time and place of the action of a story

New cards
36

Rhyme scheme

Pattern of end-rhyme in a poem

New cards
37

Slant rhyme

A rhyme scheme with words that sound similar but not exactly the same

New cards
38

Meter

A consistent pattern of beats or stresses in a line of poetry

New cards
39

Paradox

A statement that seems to contradict itself but may nevertheless suggest an important truth

New cards
40

Stanza

A division of a poem consisting of two or more lines arranged together as a unit

New cards
41

Metric foot

The basic rhythmic structure of a verse in poetry

New cards
42

Scansion

The breaking up of poem’s line or verses into metrical feet and identifying the stressed and unstressed syllables

New cards
43

Personification

A poetic device where animals/plants/inanimate objects are given human qualities

New cards
44

Narrative POV

The position of the narrator in relation to the story

New cards
45

Omniscient narrator

Has a full knowledge of the story's events and of the motives and unspoken thoughts of the various characters

New cards
46

Third-person omniscient

The narrator knows all the thoughts, actions, and feelings of all characters

New cards
47

Third-person limited

The narrator only knows the thoughts and feelings of one character

New cards
48

First-person

The narrator is a person in the story, telling the story from their own point of view

New cards
49

Theme/moral message

A central topic, subject, or message that is conveyed within a narrative, or a lesson to be learned from a story/event

New cards
50

Mood

The general feeling or atmosphere that a piece of writing creates within the reader

New cards
51

Single (or unity of) effect

Determining what effect you would like to have on a reader and carrying that effect through all the elements of your piece of writing

New cards
52

Brook Farm

An experimental communist community based on the ideals of Transcendentalism established by writers and scholars in West Roxbury, MA, 1841-847

New cards
53

Rhetoric

The study and uses of written, spoken, and visual language

New cards
54

Simile

A comparison using “like” or “as”

New cards
55

Metaphor

A comparison without using “like” or “as”

New cards
56

Extended metaphor

A metaphor that continues throughout multiple sentences/paragraphs, or throughout the whole piece of writing

New cards
57

Figurative language

A type of communication that does not use a word’s strict or realistic meaning, for effect/exaggeration purposes

New cards
58

Transitional poets

18th century poets who show elements associated with romanticism, while not altogether ignoring the old conventions

New cards
59

Experimental structure/style

Writing that plays with form and pushes the possibilities of language further than usual

New cards
60

Foreshadowing

Narrative device in which suggestions/warnings about events to come are written into the story

New cards
61

Bias

When an author presents information in a non-objective manner

New cards
62

Dialect

A form of writing that shows the accent and way people talk in a particular region

New cards
63
New cards
64

Tension

The feeling of suspense, uncertainty, or anticipation created by conflicting forces within a literary work

New cards
65

Motif

Recurring images, quotes, or concepts that take on a figurative or symbolic meaning throughout the story

New cards
66

Conflict

A literary device that presents the struggle between two sides due to a disagreement in values, desires, motivations etc.

New cards
67

Diction

The linguistic choices a writer makes to effectively convey an idea, a point of view, or tell a story

New cards
68

Symbolism

The use of any person, situation, or object to represent an idea

New cards
69

Local color

Reflects the characteristic appearance, mannerisms, speech, and dress of a place or a period

New cards
70

Protest poetry

A poem that is written to make a stand against injustices that are occurring at the time

New cards
71

Inverted syntax

A style of writing that places unexpected emphasis on objects or verbs in sentences, the syntactic reversal of the normal order of the words and phrases in a sentence

New cards
72

Figurative structure/style

Refers to words, phrases, and sentences that go beyond their literal meaning to add layers of interpretation to the audience's understanding, uses an ordinary sentence to refer to something without directly stating it

New cards
73

Repetition

Using the same word or phrase over and over again in a piece of writing or speech

New cards
74

Quatrain

A four-line stanza of poetry

New cards
75

Contrast

Used to describe the difference(s) between two or more entities

New cards
76

Tall tale

Narrative that uses extreme exaggeration to tell a story

New cards
77

Satire

A way of writing to wittily criticize a flaw or failure in society

New cards
78

Elements of Romanticism

  • The 5 “I”s (imagination, intuition, idealism, inspiration, individuality)

  • Values imagination and intuition over reason (shift from rationalism)

  • Profound love of nature

  • Focus on the individual as opposed to societal conformity

  • Focus on the supernatural and mysteries of the universe

  • Idealism = perfection, ideal form of existance, to be better

    • About the new country and its advancing frontier

    • About the democratic inclusion of all peoples

New cards
79

Elements of Dark/Gothic Romanticism

  • Human fallibility (the ability to make mistakes)

  • Self-destruction

  • Judgment

  • Punishment

  • Psychological effects of guilt and sin

  • Focus on sheer terror, personal torment, death, and the supernatural

New cards
80

Elements of Transcendentalism

  • Each individual has potential for spiritual perfection

  • Commune with nature/follow your “inner light”

  • If each individual achieves perfection, then the world will be perfect

  • Don’t let the world (day-to-day) get in the way

New cards
81

Elements of Modernism

  • A rejection of traditional themes and subject matter (wrote about inability to commit to/communicate with others instead of love)

  • Alienation and isolation

    • Felt individuals were increasingly threatened/isolated by society

  • Narrative experimentation

    • Stream-of-consciousness, impermanence and change, understatement/irony to reveal important emotions/ideas

    • Symbols/images rather than explicitly stating the meanings

  • Dehumanization and mechanization

    • Believed nothing lasted (human institutions nor human attachments)

  • An ability to communicate effectively due to the insufficiency of language

New cards
82

Elements of Postmodernism

  • Irony and parody

  • A questioning of grand narratives

  • Skepticism towards scientific rationalism

  • Critiques the concept of objective reality

  • Emphasizes the diversity of human experience

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 12 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 236 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 11 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 12 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 20 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 15 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 8 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 36 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard57 terms
studied byStudied by 69 people
Updated ... ago
4.8 Stars(4)
flashcards Flashcard279 terms
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard40 terms
studied byStudied by 10 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard37 terms
studied byStudied by 173 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard40 terms
studied byStudied by 15 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard113 terms
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard61 terms
studied byStudied by 131 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(3)
flashcards Flashcard77 terms
studied byStudied by 19 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)