Ap world civ unit 1 multiple choice and short answer

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How did Confucianism impact China?


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How did Confucianism impact China?

official philosophy of China, officials had to educated on Confucianism

How were the tang and song dynasties considered a golden age?

lots of land, bureaucracy, fast growing rice, inventions (gunpowder), silk road and trade, art

What were characteristics of Confucianism?

kindness, sense of propriety (courtesy, behaving right, respect for elders)

What is filial piety?

respect for family especially elders

How is Buddhism in China an example of cross-cultural interaction?

Buddhism spread to China through Indian traders

how is Confucianism being used in Japan with a civil service exam illustrate use of foreign political ideals in new lands?

China did the same thing with bureaucracy

compare and contrast Buddhism and Confucianism

Buddhism a focus on giving up worldly desires,

Confucianism had a focus on relationships and how to treat others,

they both had rituals

What were the social classes of China?

1st- gentry 2nd- peasants 3rd- merchants

How were women treated in China?

as delicate objects meant to represent beauty (foot binding)

compare and contrast Japanese feudalism to European feudalism

japan had samurai who followed bushido, were based on Confucianism, samurai were paid in rice not land, samurai don't fear death, lasted until 1868, were very educated, women were strong, peasants paid with taxes

Europe had knights who followed chivalry, were based on roman customs/ Christianity, knights owned land and avoided death, were uneducated, women were fragile, peasants paid with crops

they both had peasants that were tied to land, warriors who dominated society, decentralized government, lords who rule over land and control warriors and peasants, hereditary class, code of ethics

How were japan, Korea, and Vietnam influenced by China?

japan- Buddhism, Chinese language/writing Korea-central rule, Confucianism, Buddhism, writing Vietnam- Buddhism, centralized government

What is the connection between food, population growth, and urbanization?

more food resulted in population growth. all those new people needed homes which led to urbanizatiion

How did China develop as an economic world power

through trade

What was the Chinese concept of mandate of heaven?

the emperor had to do good so that the good things would happen to the people. if not the people would think that the gods did not favor the ruler

How were Baghdad and Cordoba considered centers of Islamic culture?

both had large population, strong Muslim culture, and were connected to major trade routes

As Islam spread, what happened to rights of women?

they became more isolated and eventually had to veil themselves in public

What does Ibn Battuta show about Islam through his travels?

Islam is not as strict in non-Arabic countries

How did the Greeks influence the Islamic empires?

they valued knowledge and logic

Similarities between Judaism, Christianity, and Islam

monotheistic, books of faith, heaven and hell

What was the purpose of the hajj?

pilgrimage to mecca to be like Mohamed

What was Angkor Wat?

Hindu temple eventual converted to Buddhist temple

Characteristics of Buddhism and Hinduism

budhhism-nirvana (release from worldly desires), reincarnation, middle road

Hinduism-universal soul,, reincarnation, karma, moksha, cyclical time

Comparisons between the major religions- Buddhism, Hinduism, Judaism, Christianity, Islam

believed in deity(s), afterlife, punishment after death, and morals

What happened to religions as they spread into other lands?

they became syncretic with local beliefs

Why did many in Hinduism convert to Buddhism and Islam, especially from the lower classes?

the cast system in Hinduism restricted them from becoming wealthy/having rights

Characteristics of the Inca and Aztecs that made them civilized

Aztecs-theocracy, powerful army, empire of tribute states

Inca- theocracy, major roads, wellfair state with large bureaucracy

What was the mit'a labor system in Incan times?

all able-bodied citizens had to work a certain number of days during the year in return for care

n central America with the Aztecs, what was their staple crop? How about the Inca?



How was knowledge of agriculture spread throughout sub-Saharan Africa?

through the migration of the Bati people

In eastern africa- what is evidence for the continued importance of long- distance trade?

the slave trade

What did indigenous African political systems look like?

societies based on families

What did the bantu speaking peoples spread?

their language and metallurgy

Characteristics of Europe in the middle ages

feudalism, decentralized government, powerful pope/church

How was Europe in the middle ages considered decentralized?

everyone relied on local rulers for everything

the period 1200- 1450, what were the jobs of African and European women? Roles in society? How about Islamic women?

took care of children, if not nobility work in fields,

Islamic women- forced to stay home, can only talk to father and husband

What were motivations of the Crusades

to get rid of quarrelsome knights, take back the Holy Land, reunite Christendom, create a way for younger sons of nobility to obtain land

effects of the Crusades

lessened power of pope, strengthened trade between Europe and Asia, bad stigma for Muslims to Christians

Examples of Religious Syncretism

Shinto in japan, Christianity in Ethiopia, Daoism and neo-Confucianism in china

How Each of the religions spread/ cultural diffusion

merchants, trade, missionaries, jihad in islam

Continuities and Changes in women's roles

caretakers, European women gained more rights over time, Muslim women lost rights over time

Compare and contrast the mit'a labor system and serfdom in Europe

mit'a- certain number of days, followed government, government controls them

serfdom- all the time, tied to land, controlled by manors and local authorities

both- work for the government, farming/other tasks, paid in protection/housing/food