Pharmacology 11-15

studied byStudied by 34 people
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

Advair diskus contains

1 / 98

Studying Progress

0%
New cards
99
Still learning
0
Almost done
0
Mastered
0
99 Terms
1
New cards

Advair diskus contains

C. fluticasone and salmeterol

New cards
2
New cards

Decongestants should be avoided with patients that have all the following conditions, except

hypertension

New cards
3
New cards

For which of the following drugs should the patient be advised not to swallow the capsules

ipatropium

New cards
4
New cards

If a patient is ordered to inhale 2 puffs of an MDI, how long should they wait before inhaling the second puff if they are not experiencing an asthma exacerbation?

A. approximately 1 minute

New cards
5
New cards

Once formoterol is removed from the refrigerator, it may be used for _____ assuming that the manufacturer's expiration is not an earlier date.

3 months

New cards
6
New cards

Surfactants for respiratory distress syndrome are administered via which of the following routes of administration?

intracheal

New cards
7
New cards

Tiotropium is an example of an _______ drug used in the treatment of COPD.

anticholinergic

New cards
8
New cards

Tussionex is a combination drug with chlorpheniramine and which of the following drugs?

hydrocodone

New cards
9
New cards

When short-acting beta agonists and inhaled corticosteroids are not adequately controlling breathing symptoms, a physician prescribes Singulair, which is an

C. leukotriene inhibitor

New cards
10
New cards

which of the following antihistamines also has antitussive properties?

c. chlorpheniramine

New cards
11
New cards

Which of the following antitussive medications has a boxed warning about respiratory depression and death in children who receive it after tonsillectomy or adenoidectomy?

A. codeine

New cards
12
New cards

which of the following classes of drugs enables the patient to rid the lungs and airway of mucus when coughing and decreases the thickness and viscosity of mucus?

d. expectorants

New cards
13
New cards

which of the following classes of drugs stimulates the alpha-adrenergic receptors of the vascular smooth muscle, constricting the dilated arteriolar network within the nasal mucosa?

b.decongestants

New cards
14
New cards

Which of the following corticosteroids contains lactose and should not be used in those patients with a hypersensitivity to milk proteins or lactose?

mometasone

New cards
15
New cards

which of the following drug classes protect cell membrane from rupturing and causes less histamine and fewer leukotrienes and prostaglandins to be released into airway tissue?

c. mast cell stabilizers

New cards
16
New cards

which of the following drugs is the most commonly used OTC expectorant?

Mucinex

New cards
17
New cards

which of the following is a decongestants available as a table, injection, eye drop, and nasal spray?

d. phenylephrine

New cards
18
New cards

which of the following is a group of chronic lung disease that are irreversible, progressive conditions in which airflow is limited by an abnormal inflammatory response?

B. chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

New cards
19
New cards

What is the common name of a group of plants whose seeds yield fiber?

psyllium

New cards
20
New cards

which of the following antidiarrheal products has a dispensing status of OTC?

c. loperamide

New cards
21
New cards

which of the following antiemetics is avilabl as a transdermal patch marketed for motion sickness?

ondanserton

New cards
22
New cards

which of the following does not increase the risk of GERD?

dairy products

New cards
23
New cards

which of the following drug classes must be taken daily, rather than as needed, for the treatment of GERD?

proton pump inhibitors

New cards
24
New cards

which of the following drug classes used to treat GERD may lead to malabsorption of dietary vitamin B12 with prolonged treatment?

b. antihistamines (H-2 histamine receptor antagonists)

New cards
25
New cards

which of the following drug classifications do not typically cause constipation?

antibiotics

New cards
26
New cards

which of the following drugs adheres to proteins at he ulcer site, forming a protective coat or shield over the ulcer that resists degradation by gastric acid, pepsin, and bile salts?

D. sucralfate

New cards
27
New cards

which of the following antiemetic drugs has a dispensing status of OTC?

diphenhydramine

New cards
28
New cards

which of the following drugs is an antacid?

d. calcium carbonate

New cards
29
New cards

which of the following drugs is an antihistamine (H-2 receptor antagonist ) used to treat GERD?

Famotidine

New cards
30
New cards

which of the following is considered to be a hazardous agent and should be handled and disposed of appropriately?

b. misoprostol

New cards
31
New cards

which of the following drugs is used to treat a tear or fissure in the rectal canal?

b. nitroglycerin

New cards
32
New cards

which of the following is a bulk- forming laxative?

b. methylcellulose

New cards
33
New cards

which of the following is a serotonin (5-HT) receptor antagonists used to prevent and treat severe nausea and vomiting associated with chemotherapeutic medications, radiation treatments, or anesthesia?

a. ondansetron

New cards
34
New cards

which of the following is a surfactant used to treat constipation?

b. docusate

New cards
35
New cards

which of the following is a tablet indicated for bowel preparation prior to a colonoscopy?

b. sodium phosphate

New cards
36
New cards

which of the following is added to diphenoxylate to discourage abuse?

d. atropine

New cards
37
New cards

which of the following is an alkaline fluid produced by the liver that aids in the digestion and absorption of fat and cholesterol from the small intestine?

a. bile

New cards
38
New cards

which of the following is an alternative therapy for nausea and vomiting?

b. ginger

New cards
39
New cards

A physician may write the words "dispense as written" on a prescription for thyroid hormone medications because

a. the therapeutic window is very narrow with the potential for only slight variances in bioavailability or dosing parameters to have noticeable clinical changes

New cards
40
New cards

Addison's disease is an

a. deficiency of glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids

New cards
41
New cards

appropriate uses of thyroid replacement drugs, such as synthroid,

b. treatment of hyperthyroidism

New cards
42
New cards

Approximately one-third patients who had gestational diabetes may develop _____ in 5 to 10 years

type 2 diabetes

New cards
43
New cards

congenital hypothyroidism may arise in children and is often caused by ____ during pregnancy.

A. deficiency in iodine

New cards
44
New cards

corticosteroids are available in all the following dosage dorms except

a transdermal patch

New cards
45
New cards

drugs that end with the suffix-glinide are used to treat which of the following conditions?

diabetes

New cards
46
New cards

liothyronine is available in a tablet and which of the following dosage forms?

injection

New cards
47
New cards

Medications with the suffix- gliflozin are classified as

a. sodium-glucose linked transporter- 2 inhibitors

New cards
48
New cards

Metformin increases ____ sensitivity in muscle and other body tissues.

insulin

New cards
49
New cards

patients on propylthiouracil therapy must monitor which of the following organ functions, per the boxed warning?

d. liver

New cards
50
New cards

patients with untreated diabetes are at risk of all the following except

a. cancer

New cards
51
New cards

patients with ____ should not take cinnamon due to the potential of exacerbating their condition

C. liver disease

New cards
52
New cards

secondary disease is caused by

medications

New cards
53
New cards

steroid production follows which schedule?

a. circadian rhythm

New cards
54
New cards

The hypothalamus produces ___ which stimulates the pituitary gland to produce adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH).

thyroid stimulating hormone

New cards
55
New cards

The Medrol Dosepak contains twenty-one 4mg tablets. which of the following is true of the drug therapy?

he dose increases each day

New cards
56
New cards

the strength of levothyroxine is typically prescribed in

micrograms

New cards
57
New cards

thiazolidinediones are contraindicated for all the following patients, except those

suffering with infertility

New cards
58
New cards

trijardy xr includes all the following medications except

a. rosiglitazone

New cards
59
New cards

all the following medication are required to bestore in the refrigerator prior to dispensing except

carospir

New cards
60
New cards

alprostadil is second-line therapy for which condition?

erectile dysfunction

New cards
61
New cards

Antiemetic medication can be given prior to an emergency contraceptive drug to reduce which of the following side effects?

nausea

New cards
62
New cards

caverject is administered as an injection into which of the following locations for erectile dysfunction?

d. corpora cavernosa

New cards
63
New cards

combination oral contraceptives do not come in which of the following formulas?

a. quadphasic

New cards
64
New cards

conjugated estrogens are sourced from urine of pregnant

d. mares (horses)

New cards
65
New cards

Erectile dysfunction drugs are dispensed in all the following dosage forms except

b. inhalation

New cards
66
New cards

Estradiol/norethindrone (Activella) is indicated for all the following except

contraception

New cards
67
New cards

Estrogen is not used for which of the following conditions?

osteoporosis

New cards
68
New cards

Feminizing hormone therapy places patients at an increased risk of

c. venous thrombeombolism

New cards
69
New cards

Hormonal contraceptives products work via the mechanism of

b. preventing ovulation

New cards
70
New cards

How often should an etonogestrel implant placed under the skin on the inner, upper arm be replaced?

d. every three years

New cards
71
New cards

Medroxyprogesterone is an intramuscular injection given in the deltoid or gluteus maximus, at which of the following intervals

once every 3 months

New cards
72
New cards

Patients taking spironolactone have an increased risk of which of the following?

liver disease

New cards
73
New cards

PDE -5 inhibitors are contraindicated inpatients who take nitrates or

alpha-blockers

New cards
74
New cards

PDE-5 inhibitors typically end in which suffix?

d afil

New cards
75
New cards

Pregnancy tests detect the presence of ____ in

a. Human chorionic gonadotropin

New cards
76
New cards

The vaginal ring contraceptives is inserted into the vagina where it is left in place for which of the following periods of time

3 weeks

New cards
77
New cards

to verify approved drug products with therapeutic equivalence evaluations, which reference would be the most appropriate

orange book

New cards
78
New cards

which classification of drugs are used to slow labor?

tocolytic agent

New cards
79
New cards

Which medication is prescribed when sildenafil proves to be ineffective?

D. levitra

New cards
80
New cards

which medication may be prescribed for a patient considered to have heavy menstrual cycles and cramping

lysteda

New cards
81
New cards

acute renal failure is not caused by which of the following?

depression

New cards
82
New cards

acute renal failure is not caused by which of the following?

sulfonamides

New cards
83
New cards

Erythropoietin-stimulating agents are used to stimulate red blood cell production by inducing the release of

a. reticulocytes

New cards
84
New cards

Hematocrit is a lab test used to determine?

b. the proportion of red blood cells present in a sample

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 14 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 18 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 476 people
Updated ... ago
4.6 Stars(19)
note Note
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 4873 people
Updated ... ago
4.7 Stars(49)
note Note
studied byStudied by 16 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 13 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard47 terms
studied byStudied by 42 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard67 terms
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard42 terms
studied byStudied by 33 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard62 terms
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard91 terms
studied byStudied by 449 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(4)
flashcards Flashcard105 terms
studied byStudied by 9 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard156 terms
studied byStudied by 7 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard105 terms
studied byStudied by 21 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(3)