Cosmopolitan Renaissance Key Terms

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Calimala guild

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Art History

18 Terms

1

Calimala guild

wool merchants in 13th-century Florence

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2

Quattrocento

1400s Italian Art

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3

Duomo

the dome designed for the cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore in Florence (span 150ft, height 308) built by Filippo Brunelleschi

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4

Single point perspective

A technique for achieving a sense of depth by establishing a single vanishing point and painting or building all objects to diminish to it.

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5

Trompe l'oeil

highly realistic optical illusion of three-dimensional space and objects on a two-dimensional surface

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6

Intonaco

In fresco painting, the last layer of smooth lime plaster applied to the wall; the painting layer

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7

Giornata

"a days work" in Italian; each patch was what the artist planned to paint in a single day

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8

Conturbatio

(disquiet), one of the 5 laudable conditions of the Virgin

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9

Chiaroscuro

the treatment of light and shade in drawing and painting

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10

Contrapposto

an asymmetrical arrangement of the human figure in which the line of the arms and shoulders contrasts with while balancing those of the hips and legs.

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11

Sacra conversazione

an altarpiece in which the Madonna and Child are accompanied by saints and engaged in a "holy conversation"

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12

Foreshortening

The use of perspective to represent in art the apparent visual contraction of an object that extends back in space at an angle to the perpendicular plane of sight.

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13

Alla fiamminga

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14

Schematic perspective

represent the way objects appear smaller as they move farther away from the viewer

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15

Grisaille

a painting done in neutral shades of gray to simulate the look of sculpture

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16

M4 bus, Mahattan Transit Authority

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17

Andachtsbild

an image used for private contemplation and devotion

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18

Vera icon

true image

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