Human Development- Adolscence to Adulthood to Working with Families

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What influences development?

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85 Terms

1

What influences development?

Heredity, Nutrition, Environment, Exercise, Health and Medical Resources, and Social Economic Status

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2

What are the 3 stages of Adolescence?

Younger, Middle, & Older Adolescence

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3

When is Younger adolescence?

10-14 years old

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4

When is Middle adolescence?

14-16 years old

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5

When do boys have growth spurt peaks?

Around 13- 14 years old but continues at a slower rate

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6

When do girls have growth spurt peaks?

Around 11-12 years old and slows around 16 years old

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7

What is Myelination?

The process by which brain oligodendrocytes produce layers of myelin that wrap around the neuronal axons and act as a layer of insulation for the transmission of electric action potentials down the neuronal axon.

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8

What is synaptic pruning?

Process in which the brain eliminates extra synapses. Synapses are brain structures that allows the neurons to transmit an electrical or chemical signal to another neuron.

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9

What happens in the brain during adolscent development?

Brain growth, synaptic pruning, pre-frontal cortex development, surge in sex hormones, and more responsive excitatory input, and myelination

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10

When does the pre-frontal cortex develop fully?

25 years old

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11

What happens to the surge in sex hormones?

Increase responsiveness to social & emotional stimuli

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12

What part of Piaget's theory of Cognitive Development does adolscence occur?

Formal Operations

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13

What are the main features of formal operations?

Abstract reasoning, deductive logic, scientific reasoning, and self-consciousness

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14

How much sleep does an adolscent need every night?

Around 10 hours

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15

What happens to the adolscent family role in their development?

The role is conflicted

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16

What is the importance of close friendships in adolscence?

Helps coping with stress, increased intimacy, boys: activity participation, & girls: emotional closeness

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17

What are the advantages of sports?

College scholarships, Recognition from peers, & learning teamwork

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18

What are the disadvantages of sports?

Time consuming and injury.

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19

What IADLs do adolscents have?

paid employement, home chores, community activities

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20

What is temporal discounting?

Individual's tendency to perceive a desired result in the future as less valuable than one in the present

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21

What stage of Erikson Self-Identity is adolscence in?

Identity vs Role Confusion

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22

What are the 3 stages of adulthood?

Young, Middle, & Late Adulthood

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23

When is young adulthood?

21-40 years old

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24

When is middle adulthood?

40-65 years old

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25

Late adulthood

65+

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26

What happens in memory and cognition in middle adulthood?

Function is not negatively affected with the decrease of brain mass

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27

What is crystalized intelligence?

Using previously learnt information to solve problems

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28

What is fluid intelligence?

Learning new information

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29

What is implicit or procedural memory?

Acquired and knowing how things work. It is Unconscious.

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30

What is explicit or declarative memory?

Is in the limbic system & hippocampus, involves knowing exactly what. Having facts and events.

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31

What is working memory/ short-term memory?

Information is for use, usually dismissed or stored depending on necessity or context.

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32

What are some stresses during young adulthood?

Deciding life goals. Choices for after HS graduation: Leaving home, relationships, education, & seeking employment.

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33

Health maintence in adulthood involves?

Balancing activites, regular physicals with screening, exercise & nutrition.

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34

What career development happens in young adulthood?

Building career

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35

What career development happens in Middle adulthood?

Maintenance

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36

What career development happens in Late Middle Adulthood?

Deceleration

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37

What is the Sandwich Generation?

Caring for parents and children at the same time

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38

Acute coniditions in adulthood are

Time limited, can be life threatening and affect functions

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39

Chronic conditions in adulthood are

Stable conditions, are highly unstable, progressive, and severity.

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40

Family is defined

Biologically, Legally, Emotionally

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41

What is the family systems theory?

The unit of individuals that are impacted by one member and the rules for behavior.

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42

What medical costs are stressors on the family?

Insurance, therapies, medications, nursing care, medical equipment, & recommendations from therapist.

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43

What are changes in employment?

Balances hectic schedules, potential changes, and may need to reduce hours or quit employment

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44

Stress on parents with child with a disability

Emotional response, decisions, exhaustions, things to help

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45

Stress on grandparents with child with a disability

Caregiving role, grief, may also experience challenges

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46

Stress on siblings with child with a disability

Responsibilites, positive side, guilt

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47

Chronic sorrow is?

Describe the long-term periodic sadness the chronically ill and their caregivers experience in reaction to continual losses.

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48

What helps family coping?

Having an early diagnosis

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49

What is the value of family centered treatment?

As a special needs kid impacts the family, loss of control and lack of information causes stress

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50

What does family centered treatment do?

Promotes health & well-being of families, family, and focuses on partnership, outcomes, and stressors

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51

What are the four concepts of family centered care?

Respect and dignity, participation, collaboration, and information sharing.

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52

What is Beneficence?

Doing good

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53

What is nonmaleficence?

Do no harm

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54

Justice

Fairness for all cases based on need

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55

Uncertainy in Illness Theory (UIT)

Causes stress; having challenges and causing one to be overwhelmed

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56

What are normative triggers?

Stories in media, illness of a caregiver, and loss of a support service

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57

What are disease-related theory?

Increased child dependency, onset of illness, and changes in treatment regimen

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58

What is family life cycle theory?

Transitionin within the developmental stages over time

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59

What are Ginsberg's Periods of Career Development?

Fantasy, Tentative, & Realistic

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60

What is Fantasy in Ginsberg's Career Development? Before age 11.

Purely play orientation, gradually becomes work- oriented and reflects initial preferences for certain kinds of activities

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61

What is Tentative in Ginsberg's Career Development? 11- 17 years old

Transitional process marked by gradual recognition of work requirements, recognition of interests, abilities, work rewards, values, and time perspectives.

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62

What is Realistic in Ginsberg's Career Development? 17- young adult.

Integration of capacities and interests; further development of values; specification of occupational choice; crystallization of occupational patterns.

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63

What are Super's stages of career development?

Growth, Exploratory, Establishment, Maintance, Decline

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64

What is Growth in Super's career development? Before 15 years old.

Development of capacity, attitudes, interests, and needs associated with self-concepts.

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65

What is Exploratory in Super's career development? 15-24 years old

A tentative phase in which choices are narrowed but not finalized.

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66

What is Establishment in Super's career development? 25-44 years old

Trial and stabilization through work experiences.

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67

What is Maintence in Super's career development? 45-64 years old

A continual adjustment process to improve working position and situation.

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68

What is Decline in Super's career development? 65+

Pre-retirement considerations, work output, and eventual retirement.

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69

What is super's vocational developmental tasks?

Crystalization, Specification, Implementation, Stabilization, Consolidation

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70

What is Crystallization in super's vocational developmental tasks? (14-18 years old)

Formulating a general vocational goal through awareness of resources, contingencies, values, and planning for the preferred occupation.

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71

What is specification in super's vocational developmental tasks? (18-21 years old)

Moving from tentative vocational preferences toward a specific vocational preference.

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72

What is Implementation in super's vocational developmental tasks? (21-24 years old)

Completing training for vocational preference and entering employment.

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73

What is Stabilization in super's vocational developmental tasks? (24-35 years old)

Confirming preferred career by actual work experience and use of talents to demonstrate career choice as an appropriate one.

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74

What is Consolidation in super's vocational developmental tasks? (35+ years old)

Establishment in a career by advancement, status, and seniority.

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75

What is Gonadotropin in boys?

Hypothalamus produces causes pituitary gland to secrete luteinizing hormone & follicle-stimulating hormone. Make testosterone in testicles.

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76

What is Gonadotropin in girls?

Hypothalamus produces causes pituitary gland to secrete luteinizing hormone & follicle-stimulating hormone. Make estrogen and progesterone in ovaries.

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77

Anorexia Nervosa

Starve themselves because of the pathological fear of being fat

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78

Bullima

Binge and Purging. Intaking laxatives, diuretics, exercise, vomit, and do calorie restriction. Treated by Family Treatment and Cognitive Therapy

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79

What are positive emotion based strategies for family coping?

Religion, spirituality, distracting themselves, wishful thinking, daydreaming, meditation mindfulness, &journaling

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80

What are negative emotion based strategies for family coping?

alcohol, comfort foods, & drugs

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81

How do families find support?

Social support, support groups, medical professionals, family therapy, & spiritual support

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82

What is Pity?

Feeling of sadness of someone misfortune; associated with superiority.

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83

Personal fable is

They think nobody can understand what they are feeling. Only bad things happen to them.

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84

What is Developmental Crisis?

Part of normal development, something predictable

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85

What is Situational Crisis?

When something unexpected happens, these crises can be hard on the family.

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