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Rhythm

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127 Terms

1

Rhythm

the beat or flow

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2

4th Wall

The idea that the stage is in one area in a particular time in a drama and the audience is in another

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3

Allegory

A story that can be read at both a literal and metaphorical level.

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4

Alliteration

the repetition of beginning sounds of advent to closely located words

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5

Allusion

reference to another work of art

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6

Anaphora

Repetition of initial words in more than one line

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7

Antagonist

Character in conflict with the protagonist

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8

Antithesis

Contrasting ideas

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9

Apostrophe

The speaker talk directly to someone not present or dead or an inanimate object

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10

Aside

a comment made by a character in a play to the audience which the other characters in stage pretend not to hear

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11

Assonance

The repetition of vowel sounds in non-rhyming stressed syllables

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12

Ballad

a narrative song

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13

Blank verse

poetry that has meter but no consistent end rhyme

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14

Cacophony

a harsh collection of sounds meant to signal noise or discord

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15

Caesura

a full stop in the middle of a line of poetry(period, semicolon, exclamation mark, question mark)

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16

Character

a person in a short story, play or novel

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17

Chorus (greek drama)

repeats important information and ask question to direct the drama

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18

Climax (crisis)

the turning point in a story or drama

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19

Comedy

a lighthearted work, not serious in nature or theme

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20

Concrete poetry

poems that are written in the shape of figure

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21

Conflict

A problem

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22

Connotation

associations with words (figurative meanings)

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23

Consonance

Repetition of several consonant sounds in non rhyming words (Ex. pitter patter)

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24

Conventions

Literary devices that agreed upon between the actors and the audience.

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25

Couplet

Two consecutive lines of poetry, usually rhyming.

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26

Heroic couplet

A rhyming couplet which is written in iambic pentameter

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27

Denotation

Dictionary definition of words

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28

Denouement (Resolution, Falling action)

Final details and aftermath of the story or drama

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29

Dialogue

words that the character say to one another. A conversation.

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30

Diction

Choice and use of words

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31

Irony

A discrepancy between what is expected and what happens

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32

Dramatic Irony

When readers know something that the characters do not know

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33

Dynamic character

a type of character that has a change during the course of the story

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34

Elegy

a poem written in mourning of a person who has died

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35

Enjambment

the meaning of an idea or phrase is carried onto the following line in a poem

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36

Epic

a long narrative poem that tells the story of a hero

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37

Epiphany

A characters sudden realization that changes their way of thinking

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38

Euphemism

a positive light or spin on something

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39

Euphony

a pleasing collection of sounds meant to signal music or harmony

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40

Exposition

The beginning part of a story or drama where the setting and characters are revealed.

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41

Falling Action (Denouement)

Final details and aftermath of the story or drama

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42

Figurative

Words in an imaginative sense that is not literal

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43

Flashback

When it speaks of information of the past

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44

Flat Character

We know no information

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45

Foil Character

One of two characters who are in the same or similar situation, but have different attitudes toward it.

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46

Foot

Designated pattern of one stressed/strong (s) syllable with one two unstressed/weak (w) syllables.Inidividual unit

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47

Foreshadowing

a hint about what will happen

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48

Free Verse

poetry without a regular pattern of rhyme or meter

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49

Greek Drama

Origin of Western drama

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50

Hamartia (Greek tragedy)

Fatal/ tragic flaw that will lead to their downfall

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51

Hubris

Excessive pride

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52

Haiku

a Japanese form consisting of 3 Ines with 5, 7 , and 5 syllables respectively.

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53

Harmony

agreement in a pattern of sounds

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54

Hyperbole

exaggeration

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55

Imagery

words that appeal to the senses

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56

Irony

A discrepancy between what is expected and what happens

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57

Verbal Irony

Sarcasm, saying the opposite of what is meant

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58

Situational Irony

The readers expect one thing and something completely different happens

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59

Dramatic Irony

When readers know something that the characters do not know

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60

Cosmic Irony

Twist in fate

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61

Limerick

5 line poem with a AABBA rhyme scheme

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62

Literal

words at their most basic sense

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63

Anecdote

The word “literally” means actually true

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64

Litotes

types of understatement which navigates a negative idea to give a positive one

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65

Lyric poetry

generally, poetry. Originally chants or songs

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66

Malapropism

Using a similar sounding word by accident

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67

Meaning

information or ideas conveyed in a text. It has several layers of meaning

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68

Metaphor

Direct comparison

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69

Meter

System of beats. of stressed and unstressed syllabic pattern

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70

Iambic meter

(unstressed/stressed) most closely resembles the pattern of nature speech in English

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71

Trochaic meter

(stressed/unstressed)- encourages chanting

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72

Spondaic meter

9stressed/stressed)

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73

Anapestic meter

(unstressed/unstressed/stressed) - originally a Greek martial rythm. creates a sense of action

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74

Dactylic meter

(stressed?unstressed?unstressed)- often used in nursery rhyme

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75

Scansion

reading of a line to determine meter

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76

Metonymy

(“change of name”) a type of metaphor where its concrete idea. EX. The White House made a speach today

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77

Muse

Inspiration

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78

Narrator

The character in a story that tells the story

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79

1st person

Narrator tells the story about self

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80

1st person unreliable

talks about self Biased in some way

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81

3rd person objective

Narrator tells the story about someone else, but can only report on the characters actions

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82

3rd person Omniscient

Tells the story about someone else but makes own commentary

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83

3rd person omniscient limited

he/ she…only knows about protagonist

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84

3rd person unreliable

He/she… Biased on something

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85

3rd person omniscient

Knows everything about the characters

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86

Onomatopoeia

Sounds into words “click, boom”

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87

Oxymoron

contradict but shows deeper truth

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88

Paradox

error in a system that leads to something being true

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89

personification

giving human qualities

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90

Plot

Sequence of events

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91

Poetic license

Invasion of a new word

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92

Poetry

A form of art that is written in lines or verse as opposed to prose

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93

Point of view

perspective of the narrator or speaker

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94

Prop

a small object used by the characters in a drama

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95

Protagonist

the main character

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96

Pun

Play on words, sound similar but with very different meanings

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97

Quatrain

a 4 line stanza that stands alone

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98

Refrain

a phrase, a line, or more than one line that recurs through the poem

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99

Repetition

Recurrence of a sound or a pattern of sounds

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100

Resolution (Denoument, Falling action)

Aftermath of the story

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