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more complex w/ specialized organelles- larger and genetic material contained in nucleus
examples of eukaryotic cells
animal cell, plant cell
much simpler with no membrane bound organelles- smaller and has no nucleus
size range of plant and animal cells
what are the logistical problems to large cells?
increase in demand of nutrients, surface is way into the cell, nutrients can't efficiently get into cell and waste can't exit
when a cell gets bigger, what grows faster?
membrane bound structure that carries out specific functions in cells
benefits of having an internal membrane system in eukaryotic cells
allows for various environments in cell (pH), increases surface area where many reactions occur
structures in plant cells
chloroplast, central vacuole, cell wall
structures in animal cells
flagella, lysosome, centriole
structures in prokaryotic cells
relatively small size, plasma membrane, cell wall, cytoplasm, ribosome, flagella
How to calculate total magnification (μm)
Eyepiece magnification (10) x objective magnification
How to calculate diameter in μm
Diameter in mm x 1000
When magnification is increased, field of depth...
Why does field of depth decrease when magnification increases?
It is zoomed in so you cannot see things like the top layer of the middle layer (thread)
When magnification is increased, field of view...
Why does field of view decrease when magnification increases?
it is so zoomed in, not much is displayed