World Geography - East and Southeast Asia

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region’s cultural hearth

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1

region’s cultural hearth

china

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2

long line of political rulers from the same family

dynasties

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3

the belief that the length of a dynasty was determined by the gods

mandate of heaven

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4

pattern in the rise and fall of dynasties

dynastic cycle

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5

ruler of the qin dynasty

shi huangdi

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6

strengthened china’s central government and expanded land

shi huangdi

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7

china’s first emperor

shi huangdi

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8

built a road system, standardized currency, and built the great wall of china for protection

shi huangdi

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9

further expanded the empire

han dynasty

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10

chinese people still refer to themselves as these people

han dynasty

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11

unified china

shi huangdi

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12

china started to trade with europe and india, advancing china

silk road

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13

a series of trade routes connecting china, europe, and central asia

silk road

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14

named by expensive silk cloth

silk road

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15

influenced cultural diffusion

silk road

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16

these people opposed the communists and eventually fled to taiwan

chinese nationalist party

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17

dictator mao zedong (totaliarian leader) and the government took over all economic activites

communist party

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18

large government owned farms

collective farms

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19

mao’s plan to quickly grow the economy that was a total flop with 20 million dead

great leap forward

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20

the removal and execution of anti-communist beliefs that attacked the elite and intelligent

cultural revolution

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21

isolated “hermit kingdom” that participates in communism

north korea

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22

democratic global market economy

south korea

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23

mountains and plateaus in the west and plains and hills in the east

china

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24

dust storms, little rainfall, in northern china and southern mongolia

gobi desert

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25

highest plateau in east asia, rugged terrain isolated china

plateau of tibet

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26

loess (rich yellow topsoil), nicknamed china’s sorrow bc of floods

huang he or yellow river

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27

longest river in central china, major transportation route, used for irrigating grain fields

chang jiang

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28

major river system in southern china, aka pearl river, important due to rich fertile soil

xi river

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29

experiences typhoons, climate ranges from subartic to subtropical

china

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30

rice, fossil fuels, deep sea fishing, tea, silk, bamboo, panda

china

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31

on the ring of fire, lots of earthquakes and tsunamis

japan

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32

mountainous with little farmland

korean peninsula

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33

dividing line between north and south korea, neutral zone, nature preserve

demilitarized zone

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34

longest river in southeast asia that crosses many political boundaries and is an important water source

mekong river

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35

communist, one area is democratic

china and mongolia

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36

agriculture is 1/3 of all economic activites

china and mongolia

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37

biggest exporter of rice, tea, and wheat

china and mongolia

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38

world’s largest exporter, mainly cheap goods

china and mongolia

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39

non-regulated work force with child labor and violations of human rights. trade partners have stepped back because of this

china and mongolia

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40

mixed-command economy

china and mongolia

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41

special economic zones where government steps back, modern market areas

china and mongolia

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42

land is used for grazing and farming

china and mongolia

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43

majority live in the east as it has low plains and hills

china and mongolia

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44

92% are han chinese

china and mongolia

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45

only 1% of land can be farmed

china and mongolia

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46

65% urbanization rate

china and mongolia

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47

one, two, three child policies

china and mongolia

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48

aging population

china and mongolia

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49

most live in the north and central part of one country

china and mongolia

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50

most are ethnically mongolian

china and mongolia

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51

agriculutral/ sustainable towns that promote agriculture

china and mongolia

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52

mandarin and mongolian, using idograms

china and mongolia

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53

atheism, folk religion, some buddism

china and mongolia

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54

only the wealthy could be educated to all could be educated

china and mongolia

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55

99% literacy rate

china and mongolia

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56

government emphasizes literacy and education

china and mongolia

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57

government provides and pays for healthcare, life expectancy of 75

china and mongolia

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58

family is most important social unit

china and mongolia

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59

climbing divorce rates with later marriages and 1 child

china and mongolia

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60

many females in orphanages

china and mongolia

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61

nuclear families are increasing in urban areas

china and mongolia

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62

women lack equaility but things are slowly starting to change

china and mongolia

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63

poetry, china, martial arts, and opera

china and mongolia

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64

mixed market economy with a focus on private owned bussinesses

japan

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65

government regulates all economic sectors, especially trade, taxing imported goods heavily

japan

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66

advanced technology

japan

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67

workers are highly skilled and educated

japan

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68

trading surplus, exports more

japan

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69

man-made seafood farms, mining, cars, electronics and computers

japan

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70

archipelago formed by volcanic erruptions

japan

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71

ethnically unique, homogenous

japan

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72

99% of population shares the same ethnicity

japan

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73

mountainous with very little land to live on, most live on coast

japan

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74

many live in cities, 93% urbanization and overcrowding

japan

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75

japanese

japan

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76

majority shinto, some buddhism and christianity

japan

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77

99% literacy rate, education is highly valued

japan

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78

compulsory until 15 years old and high education is common

japan

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79

longest life expectancy of 85 years old and good health

japan

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80

low birthrate and an aging population (not due to child policies)

japan

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81

smaller families and the respect of elders

japan

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82

main users of technology

japan

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83

women are gaining more rights

japan

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84

arts portray beauty of country

japan

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85

haikus, tea cerimonies, oragami, literature

japan

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86

ONE COUNTRY IS isolated, communist, dictators

korea

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87

ONE COUNTRY IS democratic and free

korea

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88

food shortage

korea

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89

command economy that trades with china and russia

korea

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90

metal, machines, world’s largest military, and chemicals

korea

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91

trade all around the world, citrus, increased farms by irrigation and technology

korea

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92

high developed with many exports and light + heavy industry

korea

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93

major population growth

korea

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94

homogenous, korean ethnicity

korea

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95

urbanization rate of 80%, due to government expanding industry

korea

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96

low living standard in one place

korea

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97

korean

korea

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98

variety of religion in one place and atheism in one place

korea

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99

“100% literacy rate”, education is free and recquired for 11 years with a focus on math and science

korea

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100

compulsory education for 9 years, lit rate of 98%, higher education is common

korea

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