Public Speaking Test 2 Study Guide

studied byStudied by 32 people
5.0(1)
get a hint
hint

Which of the following was not a supporting method discussed in the lecture?

1 / 135

Tags and Description

Jones College John Burks

136 Terms

1

Which of the following was not a supporting method discussed in the lecture?

Hypothesis

New cards
2

Numerical data is called

Statistics

New cards
3

What sentence is considered the "behavioral objective" of the speech?

Specific Purpose Statement

New cards
4

Which organizational pattern is put in sequence order?

Sequential Design

New cards
5

Citing of words and ideas of others to support a point is called

Testimony

New cards
6

A comment or action that encourages further communication from someone being interviewed

Reinforcer

New cards
7

Criterion for evaluating whether or not a source provides an unbiased or balanced perspective

Objectivity

New cards
8

An internet search engine that allows you to enter keywords and find related websites

General Search Engine

New cards
9

Who face is one the one dollar bill?

George Washington

New cards
10

Who is the president of Jones College?

Dr. Smith

New cards
11

What principle of effective speech structure is reinforced by using language that is concise and direct?

simplicity

New cards
12

parallel construction

the repetition of a chosen grammatical form within a sentence, making each compared item or idea in your sentence follow the same grammatical pattern

New cards
13

expert testimony

provided by an expert in the topic of your speech

New cards
14

hypothetical example

a fictional example that you or someone else has created to illustrate your point

New cards
15

rhetorical question

a question that's asked for effect with no answer expected.

New cards
16

You should first develop the _____ of the speech.

body

New cards
17

According to the principle of _____, all major parts of a speech should receive appropriate development.

balance

New cards
18

Which part of a speech should be the longest?

body

New cards
19

Refutative design

defending a disputed thesis and confronting opposing views with reasoning and evidence

New cards
20

Chronological design

explains events or historical developments in the order in which they occurred

New cards
21

Comparative design

explores the similarities and differences among elements

New cards
22

Categorical design

arranges the main ideas of a speech so that they reflect major points of emphasis uncovered during research

New cards
23

Sequential design

explains the steps of a process in the order in which they should be taken

New cards
24

Spatial design

arranges the main points of a subject as they occur in actual space, often taking listeners on an imaginary tour

New cards
25

Causation design

traces the origins or consequences of a situation or event, proceeding from cause to effect or from effect to cause

New cards
26

Narrative Design

tells a story

New cards
27

The principle of balance suggests that each part of a speech should receive appropriate development.

true

New cards
28

Parallel construction uses the same or similar wording for the main points of a speech.

True

New cards
29

The introduction and body of a brief speech should be approximately equal in length.

True

New cards
30

A sequential design would be the correct choice when you need to explain the timing of historical events.

False

New cards
31

A spatial design is based on physical relationships, such as east-west, north-south, or points on a map.

True

New cards
32

The major divisions of the main points of a speech are called transitions.

True

New cards
33

Informative speaking enlightens listeners by _____.

sharing ideas and information

New cards
34

According to your text, if you haven't done enough research to make you sufficiently informed about your topic, you are guilty of _____.

being irresponsible

New cards
35

To give an ethical informative speech, you should _____.

speak from responsible knowledge

New cards
36

What is the most important measure of the informative value of a speech?

the amount of new and important knowledge provided by the speaker

New cards
37

Informative speaking addresses all of the following basic human needs EXCEPT _____.

to act with conviction

New cards
38

Demonstration speech

shows an audience how to do something

New cards
39

Description speech

give the audience a clear image of your subject

New cards
40

Explanation speech

offers information about the nature, workings, and implications of subjects that are abstract or complicated

New cards
41

What kind of informative speech is most dependent on vivid language use?

speaking to describe

New cards
42

Which of these students is giving a "how to" speech? A. Janelle explained how the body processes refined sugars. B. Roberto demonstrated the best way to make pasta at home. C. Carrie described the types of music the orchestra planned to play. D. Nalia talked about the amazing holiday decorations the village used each year.

B. Roberto demonstrated the best way to make pasta at home.

New cards
43

Your purpose as an informative speaker is to convince the audience to change a behavior.

False

New cards
44

A speech on how to perform CPR would best be characterized as a speech of demonstration.

True

New cards
45

A speech offering information on a complicated subject, such as the reasons the state government has given for making budget cuts in social welfare programs, is an example of a speech of explanation.

True

New cards
46

Speeches of explanation face few challenges when their information runs counter to generally accepted beliefs.

False

New cards
47

Effective description relies heavily on the artful use of language.

True

New cards
48

When selecting a speech topic, what is the first requirement that must be met?

It should meet the expectations of the audience and the occasion.

New cards
49

Refinement phase

you identify the general and specific purposes of speeches you might give on these topics and write out your thesis statements

New cards
50

Discovery phase

you uncover promising topic areas

New cards
51

Exploration phase

you focus on specific speech topics within these areas

New cards
52

Which of these speakers is in the refinement phase of developing a speech topic? A. Norris knows he wants to talk about marine life and decides he should narrow his focus on efforts to preserve endangered fish in his home state. B. Jessica decides to rehearse her speech in front of two friends to help ease her anxiety. C. Micah decides to prepare note cards for her speech and organizes them based on her outline. D. Prab identifies the general and specific purpose for his speech and writes out his thesis statement.

D. Prab identifies the general and specific purpose for his speech and writes out his thesis statement.

New cards
53

According to the text, you should allow at least _____ to select your topic, prepare your speech, and practice your presentation.

one week

New cards
54

What should you refrain from in the initial stage of brainstorming?

crituqing

New cards
55

A speaker would engage in brainstorming during which part of the process of finding and developing speech topics?

discovering a topic

New cards
56

What approach to developing topic ideas explores "habitual" paths of thought such as people, places, ideas, values, and problems?

interest charts

New cards
57

mediated prompts

Sources such as newspapers, magazines, and electronic media that can suggest ideas for speech topics.

New cards
58

The techniques of topic exploration are concerned primarily with _____.

focusing general areas of interest into more specific topic ideas

New cards
59

What is the general purpose of a speech to inform?

to share knowledge

New cards
60

What is the general purpose of a speech to persuade?

influence beliefs and actions

New cards
61

Which would make the best specific purpose statement for a speech encouraging listeners to donate money to Habitat for Humanity? A. To celebrate the fact that groups like Habitat for Humanity help those in need. B. To convince my audience that Habitat for Humanity is a reputable group. C. To persuade my audience to donate money to Habitat for Humanity. D. My audience should understand that homelessness is bad for everyone in our society.

C. To persuade my audience to donate money to Habitat for Humanity.

New cards
62

Double-focus trap

to ideas in one presentation or speech

New cards
63

triviality trap

boring or uninformative speech

New cards
64

mind-mapping

disrupts the customary linear patterns of thinking in order to free our minds for creative exploration

New cards
65

A good topic is one that involves you and one that you care about.

true

New cards
66

The exploration phase of topic selection involves identifying general topic areas for discovery and refinement.

false

New cards
67

Brainstorming is a controlled process of topic exploration that subjects ideas to rigorous scrutiny as they are generated.

false

New cards
68

A topic area inventory chart can help you discover topic ideas by listing and cross-checking points of interest shared with your listeners.

true

New cards
69

Mind mapping establishes certain basic patterns of expression we take for granted in order to free our minds for creative exploration.

false

New cards
70

Mediated prompts are a method for exploring a topic area where the speaker uses a system of questions similar to those used by news writers.

true

New cards
71

The specific purpose of a speech should focus on the speaker's intent to inform or persuade.

false

New cards
72

Responsible knowledge of a topic includes which of the following components?

understanding the main issues surrounding your topic

New cards
73

What is the primary value of personal knowledge?

It adds credibility and authenticity to presentations.

New cards
74

4 R's: Relevance

the extent to which supporting materials apply directly to your topic and purpose for speaking

New cards
75

4 R's: Representativeness

the extent to which supporting materials depict a situation as it typically exists

New cards
76

4 R's: Recency

the timeliness or currency of supporting materials

New cards
77

4 R's: Reliability

the overall credibility of supporting materials

New cards
78

Which of the following research files should be used for compiling general ideas and observations that occur to you during the process of topic exploration?

research log

New cards
79

Source file

Contains complete information for citing your consulted sources on your bibliography

New cards
80

subject file

Contains the precise information you discover and gather while conducting your research.

New cards
81

document file

Contains articles downloaded from search engines or pages you scanned into your computer.

New cards
82

What is one recommendation the text gives to help you avoid accidental plagiarism?

Cite your sources when paraphrasing the words of others.

New cards
83

Google and Yahoo are examples of what type of Internet resource?

general search engines

New cards
84

purpose of advocacy website

to raise consciousness or to persuade people to think or act with respect to a given issue or proposition

New cards
85

purpose of information website

to raise consciousness or to persuade people to think or act with respect to a given issue or proposition

New cards
86

What type of websites are posted by such activist groups as the Sierra Club and the National Rifle Association?

advocacy

New cards
87

The most important aspect to examine when reviewing information on an advocacy website is _____.

understanding the sponsoring group's agenda

New cards
88

The first consideration for evaluating the usefulness of websites and other online resources of information is to _____.

determine what kind of website you are viewing

New cards
89

Responsible knowledge best reflects your own personal opinions.

false

New cards
90

Using personal knowledge as part of your presentation will harm your credibility.

false

New cards
91

Representativeness refers to the extent to which supporting materials depict a situation as it typically exists.

true

New cards
92

A subject file records researched facts, quotations, and examples.

true

New cards
93

A metasearch engine provides links to a single collection of specialized research materials.

false

New cards
94

Advocacy sites are inherently unreliable.

false

New cards
95

Anyone can put anything on the Internet.

true

New cards
96

To determine the authority of information you find on the Internet, you should evaluate the credentials of both the source and the sponsor of the information.

true

New cards
97

What form of information should be your first objective when researching topics for speeches?

the facts

New cards
98

Observing that his lawn is wet, Jacob concludes that it must have rained. Jacob's conclusion refers to _____.

an inference

New cards
99

Why is it important to explain or interpret the meaning of factual information for your listeners?

to show how the facts support the point you are making

New cards
100

By _____, we mean the use of information that has been fabricated or distorted beyond reason to advance a hidden agenda.

disinformation

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 12 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 13 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 9 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 1779 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(3)
note Note
studied byStudied by 52 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 1 person
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 80 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 5511 people
Updated ... ago
4.3 Stars(23)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard50 terms
studied byStudied by 57 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard90 terms
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard124 terms
studied byStudied by 20 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard36 terms
studied byStudied by 27 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard75 terms
studied byStudied by 8 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard44 terms
studied byStudied by 20 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard45 terms
studied byStudied by 48 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(3)
flashcards Flashcard48 terms
studied byStudied by 167 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)