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Social Sciences


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189 Terms

Social Sciences

The disciplines under which identity, culture, society, and politics are collectively under.

Social Sciences

Comprised of a wide array of academic disciplines that study the overall functions of society as well as the interactions among its individual members and institutions.

Man Influenced by Culture

We grow up with traditions from our households.

Society Influenced Culture

Culture is affected by society because cultures are mixed in a society, making some cultures irrelevant.

Crime Rate

Number of crimes committed in a period of time.

Crime Rate

Affects the economic development and productivity of the country.


A state or condition in which a person or community lacks the financial resources and essential for a minimum standard of living.

Types of Poverty

  • Absolute

  • Relative

  • Situational

  • Generational

  • Rural

  • Urban

Absolute Poverty

Condition characterized by severe deprivation of basic human needs.

Cause of Absolute Poverty

  • Debt

  • Population Increase

  • Natural Disasters

  • Conflicts

  • Child Labor

Relative Property

Lack of income needed to maintain the average standard of living in a society.

Cause of Relative Poverty

  • Long-term Sickness

  • Disability

  • Discouragement from the Labor Market

  • Single Parent

Situational Poverty

A period where an individual falls below the poverty line because of a sudden event.

Cause of Situational Poverty

  • Divorce

  • Death of the Breadwinner

  • Illness

  • Loss of Job

Generational Poverty

Defined as having been in poverty for atleast two generations

Cause of Generational Poverty

  • Hopelessness

  • Scarcity of Mindset

  • Toxicity

  • Stress

Rural Poverty

The product of poor infrastructure that hinders development and mobility.

Cause of Rural Poverty

  • Lack of Sufficient Food

  • Lack of Technological Development

  • Lack of Agricultural Support

  • Lack of Access to Markets

Urban Poverty

The set of economic and social difficulties that are found in industrialized cities.

Cause of Urban Poverty

  • Low Level of Education/Skills

  • Lack of Employment Opportunities

  • Low Wages

  • Large Family Size


A formal and organized choice by vote of a person for a political office or other position.

Second Monday of May every 3rd year Starting 1992

National and local elections.


A form of dishonesty or a criminal offense which is undertaken by a person or an organization which is entrusted with a position of authority in order to acquire illicit benefits or abuse power for one’s personal gain.

Examples of Corruption

  • Giving or accepting bribes

  • Under the table

  • Manipulating/diverting bribes

  • Money Laundering

  • Defrauding investors

Types of Corruption

  • Grand

  • Petty

Grand Corruption

Done by high ranking officials

  • Misappropriation

  • Theft

  • Embezzlement/fraud

  • Breach of trust

Petty Corruption

Lowest form of corruption, typically done by low-level public servants.

Types of Migration

  • Push

  • Pull

Media Controversies

  • Civil rights

  • Censorship and freedom of speech

  • Climate change

  • Death penalty

  • Abortion


The study of what makes us human.

Types of Anthropology

  • Cultural

  • Biological

Cultural Anthropology

Deals with the study of the differences and similarities of various cultures and how they corelate with each other.

Ex. Ethnology


An academic field that compare and analyzes the characteristics of different people and the relationships between them.

Power Distance

The relationship between high-ranking and lower-ranking individuals depend on how the latter react to the former.

High Power Distance

Respect for authority

Low Power Distance

Respect for individuality

Biological Anthropology

Concerned with the origin, evolution, and diversity of people’s ancestry, development, genetics, and other human characteristics.

Human Lineage

  • Australopithecus Afarensis

  • Homo Habilis

  • Homo Erectus

  • Homo Neanderthalensis

  • Homo Sapiens


The scientific study of humans, their history and culture, through the examinations of the artefacts and remains left behind.

Archeological Records

  • Artifacts

  • Architecture

  • Biofacts or ecofacts

  • Sites

  • Cultural Landscapes

Anthropological Linguistics

Examines human languages

Anthropological Linguistics

Study of the relationship between language and culture. Refers to work on languages that have no written records.


The systematic or scientific study of human society and social behavior; from large scale institutions and mass culture to small groups and individual interactions.


The study of reifications or social constructs.

Structural Functionalism

Views the society as composed of different but interdependent integral parts that keep a society intact and functioning.

Examples of Structural Functionalism

  • Government

  • Church

  • Hospital

  • School

Symbolic Interactionalism

Symbolic interactionism is an approach used to analyze human interactions by focusing on the meanings that individuals assign to things in the world around them, including words and objects.

Herbert Blumer

“In order to understand society, it is of paramount concern to know underlying concepts embedded in everyday communication and interaction.”

Examples of Symbolic Interactionalism

  • Written

  • Unwritten

  • Conversations

  • Responses

  • Interpretations