History Monarchs

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absolute monarch

a King or Queen that has all the power in their state.

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The idea of the divine right of kings was created by

Jacques Bossuet

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The monarchs all wanted BLANK not BLANK

Power; Responsibility

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government bureaucracies

People who would work for the government

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Richest and most powerful family at this time

Hapsburg

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King of Spain at this time

Charles V

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Who does Charles give the land to and what relationship did he have with them

Son - Phillip II and Brother - Ferdinand II

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Who got what territories

Ferdinand II - Austria and HRE Phillip II - Spain, Netherlands, and the Spanish colonies

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What is M

1000

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splitting the countries the Hapsburgs had minizmized the BLANK

Risk of losing these countries.

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What did Phillip have a lot of

MONEY$$

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If Phillip had lots of Money This meant Phillip also had a lot of

Power

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What does Phillip use this money on

The Spanish army

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What does the Pope ask Phillip

To attack the Ottoman empire because they were not Catholic

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What is C

100

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What is D

500

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Does Phillip win against the Ottoman

Yes

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Why does Phillip not like England

They are Protestant (not Catholic)

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Does Phillip win against England

NO; This hurt the Catholic reputation and the Spanish reputation.

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who is Phillip married to

Mary; daughter of King Henry and Catherine of Aragon

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Who does Phillip propose to so he can become king of England

Elizabeth I

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King Phillips palace in Spain

Escorial

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The escorial represented his ----

Power and wealth

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The Escorial had a ------ to represent his Catholicism

Monastery

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The Greek artist who was favored because he was Catholic

El Greco

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This time period (Spanish renaissance)was similar to what other period

Italian renaissance

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Piece of literature that was written at this time by Micheal Cervates

Don Quixote de la Mancha

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The idea of the Piece of literature that was wrote at this time by Michael Cervantes

To right every wrong

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What is IV

4

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What is IX

9

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Was the rising and decline of the golden age fast or slow

It took a long time for Spain to get to the golden age and a while for it to decline.

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4 ways Spain was losing money

  1. Inflation: more gold meant its value went down

  2. The population was growing: People needed more stuff

  3. Reconquista: no more artisans or business people

  4. Taxes: depending on what family you were born into

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what is LXXIV

74

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Guilds

A group of workers who share and work the same skill

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Spain is now very

POOR

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Spain would take out ----- from other countries

loans

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What is 17

XVII

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What is 40

XL

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What is 90

XC

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The Ca$h crops from the Spanish colonies would go to

The loans they need to pay back

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What is I

1

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What is V

5

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what is 789

DCCLXXXIX

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Unlike the Spanish Catholics the Dutch were

Calvinists

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The Spanish would heavily ------------- the Dutch

tax the Dutch.

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The Spanish fought the Dutch for ------- and eventually stopped due to it being -------

11 years; too expensive

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what is CCXLII

242

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Rembrandt van Rijn

He was a Dutch artist. His painting were very dark and very dull. He paints usually portraits or people.

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Jan Vermeer

Painted women usually who were doing work and indoor. These 2 paintiers painted normal merchants and everyday average people, not rulers or monarchs.

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what is 789

DCCLXXXIX

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St. Bartholomew's Day massacre

this was a massacre between the Catholics and the Huguenots. The Catholics were massacering the Hugenots.

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-------------- was marrying ---------------- on the day of the St. Bartholomew's Day massacre

Henry of Navarre; Catherine de Medici

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What was the point of the St. B day massacre

The logic was to kill Henry to prevent a Protestant king

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When Henry gets married what is his title

Henry IV.

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What dynasty does Henry IV start

This became the Bourbon dynasty in France.

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Henry then converted to Catholicism because

he was getting hate and pressure so he accepted this and became Catholic.

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Henry then converting to Catholicism freaked out the Huguenots because

they don’t have any a Protestant king anymore to fight for them.

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Edict of Nates (Knots)

This said that the Hugenots were protected and could worship and live in France.

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How did Henry IV die

A super-duper Catholic stabbed Henry in a carridge.

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What is 89

LXXXIX

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What is C

100

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What is 150

CL

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After Henry IV dies who takes over

Louis XIII (13)

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Louis wanted -----------not ------------

power; responsibility

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Louis XIII hired who to take over all of his responsibility

Cardinal Richealeu

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What does Richealeu tell cities of Protestants to do

to take down their walls so they cant attack France then hide.

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What does Richealeu tell cities of Nobles to do

to take down their walls so they cant attack France then hide.

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Nobles were

rich and powerful French families EX; Kardashians

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Intendant

A local govt worker that has a certain amount of power Ex; Police, tax collecter.

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Richealeu then gets France involved in the ------- war

30 years war

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why did Richealeu get france involved in the 30 years war

limit the Hapsburgs power

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Skeptisism

The idea that nothing can be known for certain (im not sure about this one)

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Who was Micheal de Montaigne (we hate him)

He was the writer that pushed the idea of the essay and He noticed that old ideas were replaced with new ones. He believed that the ideas we have now are just waiting for new ideas to take its place. Therefore nothing would be known for certain

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Micheal de Montaigne believed that you should ------

get your ideas on paper but not in a whole book like 10 pages

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Rene Descartes

He believes that all things that think exist. (I think therefore I am) Cogito ergo sum

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Louis XIV

He was 4 years old when he took over the throne so he got a cardinal advisor named Cardinal Mazarin. Louis (14)

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Cardinal Mazarin

This cardinal was the successor to Richealeu. Nobles hated him because he raised taxes and strengthened the central government. This made the Nobles upset. Adding these taxes leads to the Fronde.

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The Fronde

The Fronde was a noble uprising against Cardinal Mazarin as a result of Mazarin imposing taxes onto the nobility. This was to get Mazarin out of power. The Fronde doesn’t succeed.

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Why doesn't the Fronde succeed

The Nobles behind the uprising were not agreeing or on the same page. There was a lot of infighting and unorganized

Mazarin did not take this lightly when the nobles attacked him so when people got caught they would be violently and publicly punished. This brought the nobles down and made them step back.

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Mazarin's death

people were happy and having fun. There was no next cardinal.

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Jean Baptiste Colbert

Colbert was the minister of Finance for France. He was a nerd/IB student and teaches/ influences Louis. His job is to make sure France is running correctly.

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What did Jean Baptiste Colbert do

He also relied on the favorable balance of trade where you sell more than you buy.

Colbert also believed that if French businesses were doing good then they could do good for France so he lowered taxes and had low-interest loans available for French business

Colbert also raised a tariff on imported goods and they would have taxes on them so when people would see the expensive foreign goods and the cheap French goods they would buy the French ones.

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War of the Spanish Succession

It was the longest, largest and the last of Louis XIV wars.

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Charles II

Charles II of Spain dies and has no heir. He had no heir because he was inbreed on purpose. Charles also is sterile and can't have kids. Since Charles doesn't have a child he can name anyone to be his king.

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