Ethics and Pro. Devel. Exam 1

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ethics

a systematic study of rules of conduct behavior that guides behavior

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ethics

refelct societal values, morals, and norms. determines what is and is not acceptable

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professional ethics

articulate the duties that members of the discipline have. based on the beliefs and values that a profession supports

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code of ethics

serves as a guide for individual practitioners and for a profession

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century

history of OT dates back a _____________

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millennia

history of ethics dates back a ______________

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7
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ancient world. medieval europe, the enlightenment

what three eras were a contribution to OT?

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ancient world

this religion has provided guidance regarding appropriate behavior

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ancient China

influence of Taoism; examples of ethical principles of society

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ancient Greek

influence of Hippocrates and Socrates; Hippocratic Oath, teachings of Socrates on values and beliefs

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medieval Europe

this religious era established rules and standards of work; an early example of using values as an aspirational guide for behavior

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the Enlightenment

this religious period believed that people could improve the state of humankind

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knowledge, freedom, happiness

what were the goals humans were thought to be?

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occupational therapy code of ethics

referred to as "the code"

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15
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preamble, core values, principles, standards of conduct, and appendices

what are the 5 main components of the code of ethics?

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2020

when was the most recent revision done to the code of ethics?

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7

how many revisions have been done to the code of ethics?

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complaint and investigation

OT practitioners who do not adhere to code of ethics are subject to a process of _____________ and _____________.

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dismissal, fine, disciplinary actions

list the three possible results of an investigation

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reprimand

a formal expression of disapproval that is communicated privately

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censure

a formal expression of disapproval that is publicly reported

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probation

continued membership is conditional

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suspension

removal of association membership for a specified period of time

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revocation

permanent denial of association membership

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NBCOT

certification program for OTs

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1930s

when did AOTA establish the certification program for OTs

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1986

AOTA transferred responsibility for certification of OT practitioners to the American Occupational Therapy Certification Board

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SRBs

have the legislative authority to license OT practitioners

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regulate the practice of OT and protect public from injury

what is the purpose of licensure

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AOTA

professional organization (national)

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ALOTA

Alabama Occupational Therapy Association- state

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NBCOT

board certification (national)

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SRB

licensure board; Alabama state board of occupational therapy

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morals

standards of right and wrong; how we judge

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ethical dilemma

situations where there are no clear definitions of right and wrong

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ethical distress

occurs after facing a dilemma and made a choice based on your values

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provides aspiration core values that guide OT personnel and delineates ethical principles and standards of conduct

what are the two purposes of the code?

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altruism, equality, freedom, justice, dignity, truth, prudence

what are the seven core values of the code

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altruism

unselfish concern for the welfare of others

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equality

all individuals have fundamental human rights and the right to the same opportunities

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freedom

valuing each person's right to exercise autonomy and demonstrate independence, initiative, and self-direction

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justice

provide OT services for all persons in need of services; maintaining a goal-directed and objective relationship with recipients of service

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dignity

valuing, promoting, and preserving the inherent worth and uniqueness of each person

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truth

be faithful to facts and reality

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prudence

governing and disciplining oneself through the use of reason

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beneficence, non-maleficence, autonomy, justice, veracity, fidelity

list the six principles of the code of ethics

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beneficence

demonstrate a concern for the well-being and safety of persons; taking action to promote good, prevent harm, and remove harm

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nonmaleficence

refrain from actions that cause harm

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autonomy

respect the right of the person to self-determination, privacy, confidentiality, and consent

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negative autonomy

right to be left alone; free from interference of others to act autonomously

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positive autonomy

act autonomously and have access to the means necessary to carry out ones actions

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justice

promote equity, inclusion, and objectivity in the provision of OT services

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veracity

provide comprehensive, accurate, and objective information when representing the profession

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fidelity

treat all clients, colleagues, and other professionals with respect, fairness discretion, and integrity

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appendix A

revision for AOTA 2020 occupational therapy code of ethics, reorganized the code by dividing the 2015 code into 5 parts

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appendix B

history of AOTA code of ethics

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1975, 1973

when was the first official AOTA ethical code established? when did work begin to establish it?

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HIPAA

health insurance portability and accountability act of 1996

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1977 (november)

when was the code first distributed?

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