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What was the Turn of the 20th century known for?
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Age of reform
Who were the urban reformers and Populists?
People who raised attention to the nation's problems
What did the Populists try to do?
Capture the government
What did the Progressives do?
Succeeded where the Populists failed
Who made up the Progressive movement?
Urban, Northeast, educated, middle-class, and Protestant reform-minded men and women
How were the Progressives and Populists similar?
Both wanted to eliminate corrupt government officials and were concerned about social issues affecting children
How were the Progressives and Populists different?
Progressives were middle-class, educated people while Populists were farmers and workers
What did the Progressives believe?
Industrialization and urbanization created troubling social and political problems
What was the priority for many women during the Progressive era?
Securing the right to vote
What is a Muckraker?
Writer who uncovers and exposes misconduct in government or business
What did the Muckrakers do?
Uncovered a wide range of ills affecting America and influenced the passage of key legislation that strengthened the protections of workers and consumers
What was the women's suffrage movement?
Decade-long fight to win the rights to vote for women in the USA
How long did it take for women to win the right to vote?
Nearly 100 years
What did working-class women have to do when they were paid?
Give over their paycheck to the man of the house (Father, husband, brother)
Why were women easily bullied and cheated in the workplace?
Seen as less than
Why did politicians care little about women's complaints?
Women lacked the right to vote
What was a main goal of Progressive women?
Improve family life
What is the temperance movement?
Social movement against alcohol
When did the temperance movement become big in many countries?
19th and early 20th centuries
What did the temperance movement lead to in the United States?
What was the Woman's Christian Temperance Union's (WCTU) movement against?
Saloons and liquor stores
When did the WCTU movement spread throughout the Midwestern U.S.?
Winter of 1873-1874
What did the 32,000 women of the WCTU do in saloons and liquor stores?
Disrupt business and stop the sale of alcohol
What did the temperance movement blame on the drinking of alcoholic beverages?
Society's ills, including joblessness and domestic violence
What did members of the temperance movement claim alcohol often led men to do?
Spend their earnings and neglect their families
What happened in Seneca Falls, New York in 1848?
Activists gathered to discuss women's rights
Who invited the activists to the Seneca Falls Convention?
Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott
What did most of the delegates to the Seneca Falls Convention agree?
American women deserved their own political identity
What unique challenges did African American women face?
Ignored by both Black men and white women
What did Sojourner Truth argue about Black women?
They were uplifted like Black men
What happened after the Nineteenth Amendment was ratified in 1920?
Black women voted and held political offices
What were the laws passed against African Americans?
Discriminatory laws limiting freedoms.
Who founded the National Woman Suffrage Association?
Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony.
What did the National Woman Suffrage Association fight for?
Universal-suffrage amendment to the U.S. Constitution.
What did women's rights activists favor?
Ending slavery and including women.
What did the 19th amendment state?
Right to vote not denied or abridged on account of sex.